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This table displays summary data and statistics about the wine quiz and questions. Clicking on the column titles will toggle sort, and clicking on any row will reveal further information about that question. Difficulty ranges from 1 to 10, easiest to hardest. These figures are estimates, and true ranking will replace estimates once we have enough data. Before adding questions, please use the filters to see existing questions on those topics in order to prevent duplicates. When specifying question topics pertaining to geography, please use the most specific applicable term. For example, questions on "Napa Valley" do not also need to specify "California" or "United States", as "Napa Valley" falls under both of those umbrellas.


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Prompt

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0

Which of these wineries did NOT have its wine featured in the 1976 Judgment of Paris?

California, History, Napa Valley, Wineries, WSET Level 1

Question #0

Prompt: Which of these wineries did NOT have its wine featured in the 1976 Judgment of Paris?

Answers: Beringer Vineyards, Clos Du Val Winery, Mayacamas Vineyards, Spring Mountain Vineyard

Explanation: Despite its status as the "oldest continually operating winery in the Napa Valley, storied history, and phenomenal wines, a wine from Beringer Vineyards was not featured in the Judgment of Paris. Red wines from Clos Du Val and Freemark Abbey, and a white wine from Spring Mountain Vineyard were selected for the competition.

Categories: California, History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams: WSET Level 1

Difficulty: 8

1

How many sub-AVAs are contained within the Napa Valley AVA?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #1

Prompt: How many sub-AVAs are contained within the Napa Valley AVA?

Answers: 16, 10, 14, 20

Explanation: The Napa Valley AVA, which was established in 1981, contains 16 sub-AVAs. The most recently created sub-AVA is Coombsville, which was established in December of 2011.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

2

Which varietal is the most widely planted grape in Napa Valley?

Napa Valley, Varietals

Question #2

Prompt: Which varietal is the most widely planted grape in Napa Valley?

Answers: Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Zinfandel

Explanation: Cabernet Sauvignon is the most widely planted varietal in Napa Valley, accounting for 51% of the planted acreage (24,045 acres). Chardonnay comes in a distant second at 19% (6,130 acres).

Categories: Napa Valley, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

3

Napa Valley accounts for what percentage of the total grape harvest in California?

Napa Valley

Question #3

Prompt: Napa Valley accounts for what percentage of the total grape harvest in California?

Answers: 4, 55, 38, 17

Explanation: Despite its prominent place in the wine world, Napa Valley accounts for only 4% of the total grape Harvest in California and just 0.4% of global wine production!

Categories: Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

4

Which of these labels does NOT fall under the umbrella of the Duckhorn Wine Company?

California, Wineries

Question #4

Prompt: Which of these labels does NOT fall under the umbrella of the Duckhorn Wine Company?

Answers: Swanson Vineyards, Calera, Goldeneye, Migration

Explanation: The Duckhorn Wine Group does not own Swanson Vineyards. It does have Duckhorn Vineyards, Paraduxx, Goldeneye, Migration, Decoy, Canvasback, and Calera under its umbrella.

Categories: California, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

5

Which letter did the 1945 vintage of Château Mouton Rothschild feature prominently atop its label?

Bordeaux, History, Wineries

Question #5

Prompt: Which letter did the 1945 vintage of Château Mouton Rothschild feature prominently atop its label?

Answers: V, A, F, I

Explanation: The 1945 label of Château Mouton Rothschild featured the letter "V" for "victory" and the end of World War II.

Categories: Bordeaux, History, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

6

How many "crus" for the wines of Médoc Bordeaux did the Official Classification of 1855 establish?

Bordeaux, History

Question #6

Prompt: How many "crus" for the wines of Médoc Bordeaux did the Official Classification of 1855 establish?

Answers: 5, 3, 4, 6

Explanation: The classifcation ranked the top Médoc wines according to price (directly correlated to quality at the time) and split them into five distinctive "crus".

Categories: Bordeaux, History

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

7

Which château, originally classified as deuxième cru, was elevated to premier cru in 1973?

Bordeaux, History, Wineries

Question #7

Prompt: Which château, originally classified as deuxième cru, was elevated to premier cru in 1973?

Answers: Château Mouton Rothschild, Château Lafite-Rothschild, Château Margaux, Château Haut-Brion

Explanation: After assuming control of the vineyard in 1920, Baron Philippe de Rothschild refused to accept the second-growth classification and fought for years to elevate the status of the vineyard. That change finally came 53 years later!

Categories: Bordeaux, History, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

8

Which Médoc commune boasts the most first-growth classifications?

Bordeaux, Geography

Question #8

Prompt: Which Médoc commune boasts the most first-growth classifications?

Answers: Pauillac, Graves, Haut-Médoc, St-Julien

Explanation: Pauillac has the most first-growths at three but also the most fifth-growths at 12! Graves has one first-growth, while Haut-Médoc and St-Julien have none.

Categories: Bordeaux, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

9

Which grape is the major varietal used to produce wine in the Pomerol sub-region of Bordeaux?

Bordeaux, Varietals

Question #9

Prompt: Which grape is the major varietal used to produce wine in the Pomerol sub-region of Bordeaux?

Answers: Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Verdot

Explanation: Merlot is the major grape used to produce wine in the Pomerol sub-region, and very little Cabernet Sauvignon actually goes into these wines.

Categories: Bordeaux, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

10

Which mountain range stands between the Napa Valley and Sonoma Valley AVAs?

Geography, Napa Valley, Sonoma County

Question #10

Prompt: Which mountain range stands between the Napa Valley and Sonoma Valley AVAs?

Answers: Mayacamas Mountains, Diablo Range, Sierra de Salinas, Vaca Mountains

Explanation: The Mayacamas Mountains run North-South in between the two AVAs with Sonoma Valley to the West and Napa Valley to the East.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley, Sonoma County

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

11

At least what percentage of a grape must go into a bottle of California wine for it to carry the name of that varietal?

California, Varietals, Winemaking

Question #11

Prompt: At least what percentage of a grape must go into a bottle of California wine for it to carry the name of that varietal?

Answers: 75, 70, 80, 85

Explanation: California wines must consist of at least 75% of a single varietal in order for the bottle to carry the name of that varietal.

Categories: California, Varietals, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

12

Which country is generally acknowledged to be the birthplace of wine?

Geography, History

Question #12

Prompt: Which country is generally acknowledged to be the birthplace of wine?

Answers: Georgia, England, France, Romania

Explanation: Archaeologist have traced the first known wine creation back to the people of the South Caucasus (present-day Georgia) around 6,000 BCE.

Categories: Geography, History

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

13

Rioja is a type of wine from Spain, but to what exactly does Rioja refer?

Geography, Spain

Question #13

Prompt: Rioja is a type of wine from Spain, but to what exactly does Rioja refer?

Answers: A Spanish wine-growing region, A grape varietal, A Spanish word meaning "King of Wines", A wine producer

Explanation: Rioja is a wine-growing region located in northern Spain with DOCa status.

Categories: Geography, Spain

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

14

All French Chablis consists of 100% of which grape?

Burgundy, Varietals

Question #14

Prompt: All French Chablis consists of 100% of which grape?

Answers: Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier

Explanation: Chablis, which lies in the northernmost area in Burgundy, produces only white wine out of 100% Chardonnay.

Categories: Burgundy, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

15

Chianti hails from which wine-growing region of Italy?

Geography, Italy

Question #15

Prompt: Chianti hails from which wine-growing region of Italy?

Answers: Tuscany, Lombardy, Piedmont, Puglia

Explanation: Chianti is a wine region of Tuscany and also the most well-known of all its wines.

Categories: Geography, Italy

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

16

What does the abbreviation "LBV" mean on a bottle of Port?

Fortified Wine, Winemaking

Question #16

Prompt: What does the abbreviation "LBV" mean on a bottle of Port?

Answers: Late Bottled Vintage, Late Budding Vines, Limited Bottle Vintage, Low Bottle Volume

Explanation: LBV stands for "Late Bottled Vintage", which refers to Port that is left in the barrel longer, originally due to lack of demand.

Categories: Fortified Wine, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

17

Where is the Temecula Valley wine-growing region located?

California, Geography

Question #17

Prompt: Where is the Temecula Valley wine-growing region located?

Answers: California, Argentina, Spain, Texas

Explanation: The Temecula Valley AVA, established in 1984, is located in southwestern Riverside County in California.

Categories: California, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

18

Which of these wines is the odd-one-out?

Fortified Wine, Italy

Question #18

Prompt: Which of these wines is the odd-one-out?

Answers: Barolo, Banyuls, Port, Sherry

Explanation: Banyuls, Port, and Sherry are all fortified desert wines, whereas Barolo is a red DOCG wine from the Piedmont wine-growing region of Italy.

Categories: Fortified Wine, Italy

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

19

The Paso Robles AVA is well-known for producing a blend of which varietals?

Paso Robles, Varietals

Question #19

Prompt: The Paso Robles AVA is well-known for producing a blend of which varietals?

Answers: Grenach, Syrah, Mourvèdre, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Merlot, Petite Sirah, Zinfandel, Petit Verdot, Cabernet Franc

Explanation: The Paso Robles AVA is known for producing the "GSM" wines that originated in the Rhône Valley wine region of France.

Categories: Paso Robles, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

20

What is the most common bottle size for distributed wine?

Winemaking

Question #20

Prompt: What is the most common bottle size for distributed wine?

Answers: 750mL, 375mL, 500mL, 1L

Explanation: Wine is most commonly distributed in 750mL bottles that vary in shapes.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 1

21

Where is the Finger Lakes AVA located?

Geography, New York

Question #21

Prompt: Where is the Finger Lakes AVA located?

Answers: New York, Hungary, Ontario, Washington

Explanation: The Finger Lakes AVA is located in western part of Upstate New York, south of Lake Ontario.

Categories: Geography, New York

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

22

Which classification of Prädikatswein below is made from the ripest grapes?

Germany, Winemaking

Question #22

Prompt: Which classification of Prädikatswein below is made from the ripest grapes?

Answers: Beerenauslese, Auslese, Kabinett, Spätlese

Explanation: Beerenauslese, meaning "berry select harvest", refers to wine made from grapes that are basically raisinated noble rot grapes.

Categories: Germany, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

23

Which type of wine is made from frozen grapes?

Winemaking

Question #23

Prompt: Which type of wine is made from frozen grapes?

Answers: Eiswein, Cryovin, Glacier Wine, Slush Wine

Explanation: Eiswein, meaning "ice wine" in German, refers to wine made with grapes that have frozen on the vine and are pressed frozen as well.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

24

Where are the Clare Valley and Margaret River wine-growing regions located?

Australia, Geography

Question #24

Prompt: Where are the Clare Valley and Margaret River wine-growing regions located?

Answers: Australia, England, New Zealand, South Africa

Explanation: The Clare Valley wine region is located in Southern Australia, and the Margaret River wine region is located in Western Australia.

Categories: Australia, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

25

In which larger wine region is the Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOC located?

Geography, Rhône

Question #25

Prompt: In which larger wine region is the Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOC located?

Answers: Rhône Valley, Bordeaux, Burgundy, Loire Valley

Explanation: The Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOC is located in the Rhône Valley wine-growing region in the southeastern part of France.

Categories: Geography, Rhône

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

26

In which country is the Mosel wine region located?

Geography, Germany

Question #26

Prompt: In which country is the Mosel wine region located?

Answers: Germany, Austria, France, New Zealand

Explanation: The Mosel wine region is one of 13 Weinbaugebiete in Germany.

Categories: Geography, Germany

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

27

In which country is the Maipo Valley wine region located?

Chile, Geography

Question #27

Prompt: In which country is the Maipo Valley wine region located?

Answers: Chile, Argentina, Australia, South Africa

Explanation: The Maipo Valley wine-growing region is located in central Chile.

Categories: Chile, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

28

For which type of wine is the Côte de Nuits AOC most famous?

Burgundy

Question #28

Prompt: For which type of wine is the Côte de Nuits AOC most famous?

Answers: Red, Beaujolais, Dry White, Sparkling

Explanation: The Côte de Nuits is located in Burgundy and produces some of the most famous and expensive Pinot Noir in the world.

Categories: Burgundy

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

29

Pinotage refers to a cross between Pinot Noir and which other varietal?

Varietals

Question #29

Prompt: Pinotage refers to a cross between Pinot Noir and which other varietal?

Answers: Cinsaut, Merlot, Petite Sirah, Zinfandel

Explanation: Pinotage is the signature grape of South Africa and is a cross between Cinsaut and Pinot Noir.

Categories: Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

30

To what do the names Jerobaum, Nebuchadnezar, and Salmanazar refer?

Winemaking

Question #30

Prompt: To what do the names Jerobaum, Nebuchadnezar, and Salmanazar refer?

Answers: Biblical kings, Rulers of ancient France, Middle names of the Three Musketeers, Mythical creatures

Explanation: Jerobaum, Nebuchadnezar, and Salmanazar were all biblical kings.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

31

Montagne de Reims is a sub-region of which major French wine-growing region?

Champagne, Geography

Question #31

Prompt: Montagne de Reims is a sub-region of which major French wine-growing region?

Answers: Champagne, Burgundy, Loire Valley, Languedoc

Explanation: Montagne de Reims lies within the Champagne AOC and produces many of the dark-skinned grapes used in the wines of that region.

Categories: Champagne, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

32

The Hawkes Bay wine region is located in which country?

Geography, New Zealand

Question #32

Prompt: The Hawkes Bay wine region is located in which country?

Answers: New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, United States

Explanation: Hawkes Bay is the oldest wine region in New Zealand and ranks second in production.

Categories: Geography, New Zealand

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

33

What is the more common term that refers to the presence of trichloroanisole.

Winemaking

Question #33

Prompt: What is the more common term that refers to the presence of trichloroanisole.

Answers: Cork taint, Fruit acid, Noble rot, Residual sugar

Explanation: Trichloroanisole is more commonly known as cork taint.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

34

Who or what are Huxelrebe and Bacchus?

Germany, Varietals

Question #34

Prompt: Who or what are Huxelrebe and Bacchus?

Answers: Grape varietals, Austrian wine regions, Inventors of the pneumatic press, Swiss wines

Explanation: Huxelrebe and Bacchus are white grapes typically found in Germany.

Categories: Germany, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

35

Steen is another name for which varietal?

South Africa, Varietals

Question #35

Prompt: Steen is another name for which varietal?

Answers: Chenin Blanc, Albariño, Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel

Explanation: Steen is how Chenin Blanc is commonly called in South Africa.

Categories: South Africa, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

36

From which ingredient did Vermouth derive its name?

Fortified Wine

Question #36

Prompt: From which ingredient did Vermouth derive its name?

Answers: Wormwood, Verdigris, Vermentino, Wort-root

Explanation: The name "Vermouth" is the French pronunciation of the German word "Wermut", which means wormwood - an ingredient in that type of wine.

Categories: Fortified Wine

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

37

Which country produces sparkling wines labelled Cap Classique.

South Africa, Sparkling Wine

Question #37

Prompt: Which country produces sparkling wines labelled Cap Classique.

Answers: South Africa, Belgium, France, Monaco

Explanation: Cap Classique wines are a premium category of sparkling wines from South Africa.

Categories: South Africa, Sparkling Wine

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

38

Fleurie and Chiroubles are two sub-regions in which larger wine-growing region?

Burgundy, Geography

Question #38

Prompt: Fleurie and Chiroubles are two sub-regions in which larger wine-growing region?

Answers: Beaujolais, Alsace, Provence, Stellenbosch

Explanation: Fleurie and Chiroubles are both located within the larger Beaujolais AOC in southern Burgundy.

Categories: Burgundy, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

39

Which of these wines is not a real wine?

Wineries

Question #39

Prompt: Which of these wines is not a real wine?

Answers: Roman E. Conti, Nine Popes, Opitz One, Starboard

Explanation: While Opitz One is in fact a real wine, made by Willie Opitz, Roman E. Conti is not a real homage to the famous Burgundy wine. Nine Popes is a Châteauneuf-du-Pape-style wine, and Starboard is a Port.

Categories: Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

40

What gives the Greek white wine Retsina its distinctive flavor?

Winemaking

Question #40

Prompt: What gives the Greek white wine Retsina its distinctive flavor?

Answers: Pine, Cedar, Cypress, Hickory

Explanation: Retsina derives its distinctive flavor from the addition of pine resin, which was originally used as a sealant before the invention of impermeable glass bottles.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

41

The Vouvray AOC lies within which larger wine-producing region?

Geography, Loire Valley

Question #41

Prompt: The Vouvray AOC lies within which larger wine-producing region?

Answers: Loire Valley, Alsace, Champagne, Provence

Explanation: The Vouvray AOC is located just east of the city of Tours in the Loire Valley.

Categories: Geography, Loire Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

42

What is Phylloxera?

Winemaking

Question #42

Prompt: What is Phylloxera?

Answers: Vine-eating insect, Fungal vine disease, Noble Rot, Substance used to clarify wine

Explanation: Phylloxera is a microscopic louse or aphid, that lives on and eats roots of grapes.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

43

The Alavesa, Alta, and Baja sub-regions make up which larger wine region?

Geography, Spain

Question #43

Prompt: The Alavesa, Alta, and Baja sub-regions make up which larger wine region?

Answers: Rioja, Maipo Valley, Mendoza, Sonoma

Explanation: The Rioja wine region in Spain is subdivided into three zones: Alavesa, Alta, and Baja (also called Oriental).

Categories: Geography, Spain

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

44

How much wine does a 'Demi' bottle hold?

Winemaking

Question #44

Prompt: How much wine does a 'Demi' bottle hold?

Answers: 375mL, 250mL, 500mL, 750mL

Explanation: A 'Demi', which means half in French, holds 375mL of wine, half that of a regular 750mL bottle.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

45

A 'Magnum' is equivalent to how many regular bottles of wine?

Winemaking

Question #45

Prompt: A 'Magnum' is equivalent to how many regular bottles of wine?

Answers: 2, 0.5, 1.5, 3

Explanation: A 'Magnum' holds 1.5L of wine, twice that of a regular 750mL bottle.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 1

46

To what does the Portuguese term 'Quinta' refer?

Portugal

Question #46

Prompt: To what does the Portuguese term 'Quinta' refer?

Answers: Winemaking estate, Society of Port-shippers, Traditional raft for shipping Port, Varietal used in Port

Explanation: The word 'quinta' translates to estate and thus refers to a winemaking estate in Portugal.

Categories: Portugal

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

47

Which term refers to the addition of sugar prior to fermentation?

Winemaking

Question #47

Prompt: Which term refers to the addition of sugar prior to fermentation?

Answers: Chaptalization, Avec sucre, Grosslage, Sucration

Explanation: Chaptalization, named after creator Jean Antoine Chaptal, is where sucrose is added to grape juice prior to fermentation to achieve a higher level of potential alcohol.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

48

Bubbles of which gas put the sparkle in sparkling wine?

Sparkling Wine, Winemaking

Question #48

Prompt: Bubbles of which gas put the sparkle in sparkling wine?

Answers: Carbon dioxide, Argon, Carbon monoxide, Nitrogen

Explanation: Carbon dioxide, a byproduct of fermentation, fills the bubbles of sparkling wine.

Categories: Sparkling Wine, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 1

49

Which varietal is not grown in the Alsace wine region?

Alsace, Varietals

Question #49

Prompt: Which varietal is not grown in the Alsace wine region?

Answers: Sémillon, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Noir, Riesling

Explanation: Many varietals, notably Gewürztraminer and Riesling, are produced in Alsace, but not Sémillon.

Categories: Alsace, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

50

Which varietal is the most widely planted varietal in Germany?

Germany, Varietals

Question #50

Prompt: Which varietal is the most widely planted varietal in Germany?

Answers: Riesling, Müller-Thurgau, Silvaner, Spätburgunder

Explanation: Riesling is the most widely planted varietal in Germany and accounts for about one fifth of the total planted area.

Categories: Germany, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

51

Spätburgunder is the German term for which varietal?

Germany, Varietals

Question #51

Prompt: Spätburgunder is the German term for which varietal?

Answers: Pinot Noir, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Tempranillo

Explanation: Pinot Noir is called Spätburgunder in Germany, which translates literally to "Late Burgundian".

Categories: Germany, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

52

If a German wine label lists the varietal and/or vintage, then that varietal and/or vintage must compose at least how much of the wine?

Germany, Varietals, Winemaking

Question #52

Prompt: If a German wine label lists the varietal and/or vintage, then that varietal and/or vintage must compose at least how much of the wine?

Answers: 85, 70, 75, 80

Explanation: German law stipulates that a wine must consist of at least 85% of a varietal and/or vintage for the label to give the varietal and/or vintage.

Categories: Germany, Varietals, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

53

The Tavel AOC in the Rhône Valley produces which type of wine?

Rhône

Question #53

Prompt: The Tavel AOC in the Rhône Valley produces which type of wine?

Answers: Rosé, Dessert, Sparkling, White

Explanation: The Tavel AOC produces only Rosé wines. These wines stand out from other Rosés due to their unusual dryness.

Categories: Rhône

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

54

Which three sub-AVAs are part of the larger Napa Valley AVA?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #54

Prompt: Which three sub-AVAs are part of the larger Napa Valley AVA?

Answers: Chiles Valley, Diamond Mountain, Spring Mountain, Chalk Hill, Los Carneros, Mount Veeder, Hames Valley, Mount Veeder, Russian River Valley, , Hames Valley, Wild Horse Valley, Yountville

Explanation: Chiles Valley, Diamond Mountain, and Spring Mountain are all AVAs within the larger Napa Valley AVA.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

55

The Arroyo Seco, San Bernabe, and San Lucas AVAs all fall within which larger California AVA?

California, Geography

Question #55

Prompt: The Arroyo Seco, San Bernabe, and San Lucas AVAs all fall within which larger California AVA?

Answers: Monterey, Anderson Valley, Santa Barbara, Temecula

Explanation: The Arroyo Seco, San Bernabe, and San Lucas AVAs are all part of the larger Monterey AVA in California.

Categories: California, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

56

The Fort Ross-Seaview AVA is located in which larger California wine region?

California, Geography, Sonoma County

Question #56

Prompt: The Fort Ross-Seaview AVA is located in which larger California wine region?

Answers: Sonoma County, Central Coast, Napa Valley, Paso Robles

Explanation: The Fort Ross-Seaview AVA is located in the western part of Sonoma County.

Categories: California, Geography, Sonoma County

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

57

For which AOC in Burgundy does white wine account for only around 1% of total production?

Burgundy

Question #57

Prompt: For which AOC in Burgundy does white wine account for only around 1% of total production?

Answers: Beaujolais, Chablis, Côte Chalonnaise, Côte de Beaune

Explanation: White wine accounts for only about 1% of total production in Beaujolais, which primarily grows Gamay.

Categories: Burgundy

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

58

The Walla Walla Valley wine-growing region is located in which country?

Geography, Washington

Question #58

Prompt: The Walla Walla Valley wine-growing region is located in which country?

Answers: United States, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa

Explanation: The Walla Walla Valley AVA is located in the southeastern part of Washington in the United States.

Categories: Geography, Washington

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

59

More than 70% of wineries in Oregon are located in which valley?

Geography, Oregon

Question #59

Prompt: More than 70% of wineries in Oregon are located in which valley?

Answers: Willamette, Columbia, Snake River, Umpqua

Explanation: The Willamette Valley, which is located on the 45th Parallel like Burgundy, holds more than 70% of wineries in Oregon.

Categories: Geography, Oregon

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

60

Which varietal accounts for more than 50% of the vineyard acreage in Oregon?

Oregon, Varietals

Question #60

Prompt: Which varietal accounts for more than 50% of the vineyard acreage in Oregon?

Answers: Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Petite Sirah, Zinfandel

Explanation: More than half of the vineyards in Oregon are planted with Pinot Noir. The Willamette Valley and Burgundy are both located at 45 degrees North latitude.

Categories: Oregon, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

61

Which two AVAs encompass parts of Oregon as well as Washington?

Geography, Oregon, Washington

Question #61

Prompt: Which two AVAs encompass parts of Oregon as well as Washington?

Answers: Columbia Valley, Walla Walla Valley, Applegate Valley, Snake River Valley, Columbia Valley, Dundee Hills, Snake River Valley, Walla Walla Valley

Explanation: The Columbia Valley and Walla Walla Valley AVAs fall within both Oregon and Washington.

Categories: Geography, Oregon, Washington

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

62

Which wine region in France has the most appellations d'origine contrôlée (AOCs)?

Burgundy

Question #62

Prompt: Which wine region in France has the most appellations d'origine contrôlée (AOCs)?

Answers: Burgundy, Bordeaux, Loire Valley, Rhône Valley

Explanation: Burgundy has 84 AOCs and accounts for roughly 23% of all French wine AOCs.

Categories: Burgundy

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

63

Which AVA is the southernmost district in the Napa Valley wine region?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #63

Prompt: Which AVA is the southernmost district in the Napa Valley wine region?

Answers: Los Carneros, Coombsville, Mount Veeder, Wild Horse Valley

Explanation: Los Carneros, known for its cooler climate and Pinot Noir, is the southernmost AVA in the Napa Valley wine region.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

64

Which "cult wine" producer is NOT located in Napa Valley?

California, Wineries

Question #64

Prompt: Which "cult wine" producer is NOT located in Napa Valley?

Answers: Sina Qua Non, Abreu Vineyards, Harlan Estate, Screaming Eagle

Explanation: Sina Qua Non is located in Southern California in Ventura County.

Categories: California, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

65

Red wine in the Beaujolais AOC is made entirely from which varietal?

Burgundy, Varietals

Question #65

Prompt: Red wine in the Beaujolais AOC is made entirely from which varietal?

Answers: Gamay, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir

Explanation: The red wines of Beaujolais are made entirely from Gamay, which is all picked by hand.

Categories: Burgundy, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

66

In which country is the Dundee Hills wine-growing region located?

Geography, Oregon

Question #66

Prompt: In which country is the Dundee Hills wine-growing region located?

Answers: United States, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa

Explanation: The Dundee Hills AVA is located within the larger Willamette Valley AVA in Oregon in the United States.

Categories: Geography, Oregon

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

67

The International Pinot Noir Celebration, one of the great wine festivals in the United States, is held in which state?

Oregon, Varietals

Question #67

Prompt: The International Pinot Noir Celebration, one of the great wine festivals in the United States, is held in which state?

Answers: Oregon, California, New York, Washington

Explanation: The International Pinot Noir Festival has been held in Oregon since 1987.

Categories: Oregon, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

68

Val Verde Winery, which has been in operation since 1883, is the oldest winery in which state?

History, United States, Wineries

Question #68

Prompt: Val Verde Winery, which has been in operation since 1883, is the oldest winery in which state?

Answers: Texas, California, New Mexico, Oregon

Explanation: Val Verde Winery is the oldest winery in Texas, where missionaries planted to the vineyard in 1662.

Categories: History, United States, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

69

Stone Hill Winery, established in 1847, is the oldest winery in which state?

History, Missouri, Wineries

Question #69

Prompt: Stone Hill Winery, established in 1847, is the oldest winery in which state?

Answers: Missouri, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia

Explanation: Stone Hill Winery is the oldest winery in Missouri, where grapes were first planted in the early 1800s and used to rank second in production behind New York (before California started making wine!).

Categories: History, Missouri, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

70

The Chiles Valley AVA is one district in which larger wine-growing region?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #70

Prompt: The Chiles Valley AVA is one district in which larger wine-growing region?

Answers: Napa Valley, Lake County, Sonoma County, Temecula

Explanation: The Chiles Valley AVA, nestled in the Vaca Mountains and established in 1999, is part of the larger Napa Valley AVA

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

71

Abrau-Dyurso is a major sparkling wine producer in which country?

Geography, Sparkling Wine

Question #71

Prompt: Abrau-Dyurso is a major sparkling wine producer in which country?

Answers: Russia, Austria, Georgia, Hungary

Explanation: Abrau-Dyurso, established in 1870 by decree of Tsar Alexander II, is a sparkling wine producer located in Southern Russia, near the Black Sea.

Categories: Geography, Sparkling Wine

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

72

The Saperavi grape is one of the prominent varietals used to make wine in which country?

Varietals

Question #72

Prompt: The Saperavi grape is one of the prominent varietals used to make wine in which country?

Answers: Georgia, Italy, Montenegro, Slovakia

Explanation: Saperavi, a hardy varietal that can withstand extremely cold weather and does well at altitude, is native to Georgia and used in many of the wines produced there.

Categories: Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

73

Which country accounts for over 75% of the global production of Malbec wine?

Argentina, Varietals

Question #73

Prompt: Which country accounts for over 75% of the global production of Malbec wine?

Answers: Argentina, Chile, Portugal, South Africa

Explanation: Argentina accounts for over 75% of all Malbec wines, which originated in South West France, produced around the globe.

Categories: Argentina, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

74

DNA testing showed that which varietal was identical to Primitivo in Puglia, Italy and Tribidrag in Croatia?

Varietals

Question #74

Prompt: DNA testing showed that which varietal was identical to Primitivo in Puglia, Italy and Tribidrag in Croatia?

Answers: Zinfandel, Grenache, Negroamaro, Tempranillo

Explanation: The origin of Zinfandel remained one of the most enduring mysteries in wine until DNA testing showed that it was identical to Primitivo and Tribidrag.

Categories: Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

75

Which varietal is the second-most planted in Italy and commonly labeled "d'Abruzzo"?

Italy, Varietals

Question #75

Prompt: Which varietal is the second-most planted in Italy and commonly labeled "d'Abruzzo"?

Answers: Montepulciano, Nebbiolo, Primitivo, Sangiovese

Explanation: Montepulciano is the second-most widely planted grape in Italy and the majority of wines made from this varietal come from Abruzzo.

Categories: Italy, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

76

Which varietal is commonly known by the names of its two top regions, Barolo and Barbaresco?

Geography, Italy, Varietals

Question #76

Prompt: Which varietal is commonly known by the names of its two top regions, Barolo and Barbaresco?

Answers: Nebbiolo, Barbera, Montepulciano, Sangiovese

Explanation: The Barolo and Barbaresco wine-growing regions in Italy are famous for their wines made from Nebbiolo.

Categories: Geography, Italy, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

77

Which famous wine forger, also known as Dr. Conti, was arrested in 2012 and received 10 years in federal prison for his crimes?

People

Question #77

Prompt: Which famous wine forger, also known as Dr. Conti, was arrested in 2012 and received 10 years in federal prison for his crimes?

Answers: Rudy Kurniawan, Bill Koch, Hardy Rodenstock, Laurent Ponsot

Explanation: Rudy Kurniawan, one of whose nicknames was Dr. Conti, was arrested for his large-scale wine fraud operation in 2012 and has been in federal prison in Texas for the past several years.

Categories: People

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

78

Which famous wine merchant organized the 1976 wine competition now known as "The Judgment of Paris"?

History, People

Question #78

Prompt: Which famous wine merchant organized the 1976 wine competition now known as "The Judgment of Paris"?

Answers: Steven Spurrier, Jancis Robinson, Kermit Lynch, Peter Granoff

Explanation: English wine merchant Steven Spurrier organized the competition now known as "The Judgment of Paris", in which the best wines of California triumphed over the best wines of France.

Categories: History, People

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

79

In 1998, Cabernet Sauvignon surpassed which grape as the most widely planted varietal in California?

California, History, Varietals

Question #79

Prompt: In 1998, Cabernet Sauvignon surpassed which grape as the most widely planted varietal in California?

Answers: Zinfandel, Cabernet Franc, Chardonnay, Merlot

Explanation: Until 1998, Zinfandel was the most widely planted grape in California, due in part to the popularity of white Zinfandel wine.

Categories: California, History, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

80

Which Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1933 repealed Prohibition, which had been in effect since the adoption of the 18th Amendment in 1919?

History, United States

Question #80

Prompt: Which Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1933 repealed Prohibition, which had been in effect since the adoption of the 18th Amendment in 1919?

Answers: 21st Amendment, 19th Amendment, 20th Amendment, 22nd Amendment

Explanation: The 21st Amendment repealed Prohibition in the United States. Despite the repeal, several states remained "dry" for the next few decades.

Categories: History, United States

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

81

Which of the below Napa Valley producers is not known for their sparkling wine?

Napa Valley, Sparkling Wine, Wineries

Question #81

Prompt: Which of the below Napa Valley producers is not known for their sparkling wine?

Answers: Swanson Vineyards, Domaine Carneros, Mumm Napa, Schramsberg Vineyards

Explanation: Swanson Vineyards, established in 1985, is known for its Pinot Grigio, Merlot and Alexis Cabernet Sauvignon.

Categories: Napa Valley, Sparkling Wine, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

82

Which pioneering California winemaker coined the term Fumé Blanc in 1968 as a marketing ploy for his Sauvignon Blanc, an unpopular varietal at the time.

California, History, People, Varietals

Question #82

Prompt: Which pioneering California winemaker coined the term Fumé Blanc in 1968 as a marketing ploy for his Sauvignon Blanc, an unpopular varietal at the time.

Answers: Robert Mondavi, André Tchelistcheff, Andy Beckstoffer, Mike Grgich

Explanation: Robert Mondavi coined the term Fumé Blanc in 1968 to market his Sauvignon Blanc, which was a success. The term is still in use today, especially in California.

Categories: California, History, People, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

83

Opus One Winery was founded as a joint venture between Robert Mondavi and Baron Philippe of which famous, historic European banking family?

History, Napa Valley, People, Wineries

Question #83

Prompt: Opus One Winery was founded as a joint venture between Robert Mondavi and Baron Philippe of which famous, historic European banking family?

Answers: Rothschild, Fugger, Medici, Warburg

Explanation: Robert Mondavi and Baron Philippe de Rothschild of of Château Mouton Rothschild founded Opus One Winery as a joint venture in 1978.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, People, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

84

Shiraz is a marketing term in Australia and South Africa for which varietal?

Australia, South Africa, Varietals

Question #84

Prompt: Shiraz is a marketing term in Australia and South Africa for which varietal?

Answers: Syrah, Petite Sirah, Sauvignon Blanc, Zinfandel

Explanation: Shiraz is a marketing term for Syrah in Australia and South Africa. Penfolds Grange is perhaps the most famous example of a Shiraz wine.

Categories: Australia, South Africa, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

85

Shiraz, now a marketing term for Syrah in Australia and South Africa, was the wine capital of which country for many centuries?

Australia, South Africa, Varietals

Question #85

Prompt: Shiraz, now a marketing term for Syrah in Australia and South Africa, was the wine capital of which country for many centuries?

Answers: Iran, Croatia, Lebanon, Malta

Explanation: Shiraz was the wine capital of Iran for many centuries. Until the Islamic Revolution in 1979, there were over 300 wineries in Iran.

Categories: Australia, South Africa, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

86

Grange is a cult wine made by which Australian producer?

Australia, Wineries

Question #86

Prompt: Grange is a cult wine made by which Australian producer?

Answers: Penfolds, Clarendon Hills, d Arenberg, Torbreck

Explanation: Penfolds Grange is the most famous wine in Australia and is made predominantly from Syrah with a small amount of Cabernet Sauvignon.

Categories: Australia, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

87

The famed Screaming Eagle Winery and Vineyards is located in which Napa Valley AVA?

Geography, Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #87

Prompt: The famed Screaming Eagle Winery and Vineyards is located in which Napa Valley AVA?

Answers: Oakville, Rutherford, St. Helena, Yountville

Explanation: Screaming Eagle Winery and Vineyards is located in the Oakville AVA in the central part of Napa Valley.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

88

The United States is currently the fourth largest wine producer in the world behind which three countries?

France, Italy, Spain, United States

Question #88

Prompt: The United States is currently the fourth largest wine producer in the world behind which three countries?

Answers: France, Italy, Spain, Australia, France, Spain, Australia, France, Italy, France, South Africa, Spain

Explanation: The United States ranks fourth in wine production behind France, Italy, and Spain.

Categories: France, Italy, Spain, United States

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

89

The Court of Master Sommeliers has how many stages of certification?

People

Question #89

Prompt: The Court of Master Sommeliers has how many stages of certification?

Answers: 4, 2, 3, 5

Explanation: The Court of Master Sommeliers has four levels of certification: Introductory, Certified Sommelier, Advanced Sommelier, and Master Sommelier.

Categories: People

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

90

WSET is the acronym for which organization?

People

Question #90

Prompt: WSET is the acronym for which organization?

Answers: Wine and Spirit Education Trust, Western Sonoma Enology Trust, Wine School of Eastern Texas, Wine Society of Education and Tasting

Explanation: WSET stands for the Wine and Spirit Education Trust, which provides education and administers exams on wine and spirits around the globe.

Categories: People

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

91

Which winery straddles both Napa and Sonoma Counties?

Napa Valley, Sonoma County, Wineries

Question #91

Prompt: Which winery straddles both Napa and Sonoma Counties?

Answers: Pride Mountain Vineyards, Arrowood Winery, Mayacamas Vineyards, Spring Mountain Vineyard

Explanation: Pride Mountain Vineyards straddles both Napa and Sonoma Counties atop the Mayacamas Ridge.

Categories: Napa Valley, Sonoma County, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

92

Which Napa Valley producer specializes in Zinfandel, making over 15 red wines from the varietal, including its flagship "Black Chicken"?

Napa Valley, Varietals, Wineries

Question #92

Prompt: Which Napa Valley producer specializes in Zinfandel, making over 15 red wines from the varietal, including its flagship "Black Chicken"?

Answers: Robert Biale Vineyards, Maxville Lake Winery, Paraduxx, Silverado Vineyards

Explanation: Robert Biale Vineyards specializes in Zinfandel, sourcing grapes from its properties and many others in Napa Valley and Sonoma County.

Categories: Napa Valley, Varietals, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

93

Which winery in the Duckhorn Portfolio is devoted exclusively to making Napa Valley blends?

Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #93

Prompt: Which winery in the Duckhorn Portfolio is devoted exclusively to making Napa Valley blends?

Answers: Paraduxx, Calera, Decoy, Migration

Explanation: Dan and Margaret Duckhorn founded Paraduxx in 1994 as the only Napa Valley winery devoted exclusively to making Napa Valley blends.

Categories: Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

94

The Napa Valley sparkling wine producer Domaine Carneros was founded by which well-known noble family from Champagne?

Champagne, Napa Valley, Sparkling Wine, Wineries

Question #94

Prompt: The Napa Valley sparkling wine producer Domaine Carneros was founded by which well-known noble family from Champagne?

Answers: Taittinger, Lanson, Mumm, Perrier-Jouët

Explanation: Claude Taittinger founded Domaine Carneros in the late 1980s to produce a quintessential California expression of the Taittinger style of sparkling wine.

Categories: Champagne, Napa Valley, Sparkling Wine, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

95

Which wine-producing region in California became the first AVA in the state in 1983?

History, Napa Valley

Question #95

Prompt: Which wine-producing region in California became the first AVA in the state in 1983?

Answers: Napa Valley, Lodi, Paso Robles, Sonoma County

Explanation: Napa Valley was named an American Viticultural Area (AVA) in 1983, becoming the first California AVA.

Categories: History, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

96

The Tokaj wine region is located in which two countries?

Geography, Hungary

Question #96

Prompt: The Tokaj wine region is located in which two countries?

Answers: Hungary, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Slovenia

Explanation: The Tokaj wine region is primarily located in Hungary but extends into southeastern Slovakia.

Categories: Geography, Hungary

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

97

Botrytized wines are produced using grapes infested with which organism?

Winemaking

Question #97

Prompt: Botrytized wines are produced using grapes infested with which organism?

Answers: Noble rot, Downy mildew, European Grapevine Moth, Phylloxera

Explanation: Botrytized wines use grapes infected with noble rot to produce fine, concentrated sweet wines.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

98

Malic acid is converted into milder lactic acid through which process?

Winemaking

Question #98

Prompt: Malic acid is converted into milder lactic acid through which process?

Answers: Malolactic fermentation, Carbonic maceration, Chaptalization, Pigeage

Explanation: Malolactic fermentation is the process by which tart malic acid, present in grape must, is converted into milder-tasting lactic acid.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

99

Which varietal is the primary grape grown in New Zealand

New Zealand, Varietals

Question #99

Prompt: Which varietal is the primary grape grown in New Zealand

Answers: Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir

Explanation: New Zealand is most well known for its Sauvignon Blanc, which comprises around 60% of the total vineyard acreage in the country.

Categories: New Zealand, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

100

Marlborough is the largest and most well-known wine growing region in which country?

Geography, New Zealand

Question #100

Prompt: Marlborough is the largest and most well-known wine growing region in which country?

Answers: New Zealand, Australia, England, South Africa

Explanation: Marlborough, located on the northern tip of the South Island of New Zealand, is the largest wine region in the country, accounting for 70% of vineyard area and 85% of wine exports.

Categories: Geography, New Zealand

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

101

Brix is a measure of which dissolved substance in wine?

Winemaking

Question #101

Prompt: Brix is a measure of which dissolved substance in wine?

Answers: Sugar, Carbon dioxide, Malic acid, Tannins

Explanation: Brix is a measure of the sugar content of a wine, with one degree equivalent to 1 gram of sucrose in 100 grams of the solution.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

102

Which chemical compound is the main preservative used in winemaking?

Winemaking

Question #102

Prompt: Which chemical compound is the main preservative used in winemaking?

Answers: Sulfur dioxide, Butyric acid, Lysozyme, Malic acid

Explanation: Sulfur dioxide is the main preservative used in winemaking and serves as both an antimicrobial agent and an antioxidant.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

103

Which country produces the most corks for wine bottles?

Portugal, Winemaking

Question #103

Prompt: Which country produces the most corks for wine bottles?

Answers: Portugal, Australia, France, Spain

Explanation: Portugal is home to just above one third of cork forests in the world and produces about half of all corks used in wine bottles.

Categories: Portugal, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

104

Domaine de la Romanée-Conti is a famous estate located in which wine-growing region of France.

Burgundy, Geography, Wineries

Question #104

Prompt: Domaine de la Romanée-Conti is a famous estate located in which wine-growing region of France.

Answers: Burgundy, Bordeaux, Loire Valley, Rhône Valley

Explanation: Domaine de la Romanée-Conti is located in Burgundy and produces some of the most sought-after (and expensive) wine in the world.

Categories: Burgundy, Geography, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

105

The Russian River Valley AVA is located in which larger wine-growing region?

Geography, Sonoma County

Question #105

Prompt: The Russian River Valley AVA is located in which larger wine-growing region?

Answers: Sonoma County, Napa Valley, Sierra Foothills, Willamette Valley

Explanation: The Russian River Valley AVA is located within the Sonoma County wine region of California, roughly between Santa Rosa in the south and Healdsburg in the north.

Categories: Geography, Sonoma County

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

106

Which varietal is the most commonly planted grape in the Sierra Foothills AVA of California?

California, Varietals

Question #106

Prompt: Which varietal is the most commonly planted grape in the Sierra Foothills AVA of California?

Answers: Zinfandel, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petite Sirah

Explanation: Zinfandel is the most commonly planted varietal in the Sierra Foothills AVA, accounting for roughly 40% of the total vineyard acreage in the region.

Categories: California, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

107

Which two varietals are the most commonly planted grapes in the Russian River Valley AVA within the larger Sonoma County wine region?

Sonoma County, Varietals

Question #107

Prompt: Which two varietals are the most commonly planted grapes in the Russian River Valley AVA within the larger Sonoma County wine region?

Answers: Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc

Explanation: Chardonnay and Pinot Noir are the most widely planted grapes in the Russian River Valley AVA, accounting for roughly 40% and 30%, respectively, of the total acreage in that region.

Categories: Sonoma County, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

108

In 2017, Wine Spectator named the 2014 Duckhorn Vineyards Merlot from which iconic vineyard as Wine of the Year?

Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #108

Prompt: In 2017, Wine Spectator named the 2014 Duckhorn Vineyards Merlot from which iconic vineyard as Wine of the Year?

Answers: Three Palms, Rector Creek, To Kalon, Vaca Vista

Explanation: Wine Spectator named the 2014 Duckhorn Vineyards Merlot Three Palms Vineyard, so named for its three iconic palm trees, as Wine of the Year.

Categories: Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

109

Stellenbosch is perhaps the most well-known wine region in which country?

Geography, South Africa

Question #109

Prompt: Stellenbosch is perhaps the most well-known wine region in which country?

Answers: South Africa, Austria, Germany, Switzerland

Explanation: Stellenbosch is perhaps the most well-known wine region of South Africa and accounts for roughly 15% of the total wine production in the country.

Categories: Geography, South Africa

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

110

Which process involves the punching down of grapes that have risen to the top of the fermentation vat?

Winemaking

Question #110

Prompt: Which process involves the punching down of grapes that have risen to the top of the fermentation vat?

Answers: Pigéage, Capping, Stamping, Stompage

Explanation: Pigéage, which is French for "punching down", is the process whereby grapes floating at the top of the fermentation vessel are punched down repeatedly to extract more flavor, color, and tannin.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

111

Which term refers to the combination of weather, soil conditions, time of harvest, etc.?

Winemaking

Question #111

Prompt: Which term refers to the combination of weather, soil conditions, time of harvest, etc.?

Answers: Terroir, Maceration, Provenance, Vintage

Explanation: Terroir refers to the combination of factors such as the weather, soil conditions, and so forth, that determine the quality of the grapes used for wine.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

112

Which term refers to an unintentional stoppage of fermentation?

Winemaking

Question #112

Prompt: Which term refers to an unintentional stoppage of fermentation?

Answers: Stuck fermentation, Arrested fermentation, Nitrogenation, Oxidation

Explanation: Stuck fermentation refers to the unintentional stoppage of fermentation that occurs when the yeast becomes dormant before the process is complete.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

113

Which yeast is most commonly associated with winemaking?

Winemaking

Question #113

Prompt: Which yeast is most commonly associated with winemaking?

Answers: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Brettanomyces, Candida albicans, Saccharomyces bayanus

Explanation: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Latin for "beer yeast", is used most commonly in winemaking, given its predictability and tolerance of factors such as higher alcohol content.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

114

Which term refers to the entire process of turning grapes into wine?

Winemaking

Question #114

Prompt: Which term refers to the entire process of turning grapes into wine?

Answers: Vinification, Clarification, Fermentation, Maceration

Explanation: Vinification refers to the entire process of turning grapes into wine, from the selection of the grapes through the bottling of the finished wine.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

115

Which of the following AVAs is located in Sonoma County?

Geography, Sonoma County

Question #115

Prompt: Which of the following AVAs is located in Sonoma County?

Answers: Alexander Valley, Adelaida, Rutherford, Stags Leap

Explanation: The Alexander Valley AVA is located in the northeastern part of Sonoma County.

Categories: Geography, Sonoma County

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

116

Which of the following areas is NOT one of the four major wine-growing regions of Austria?

Austria, Geography

Question #116

Prompt: Which of the following areas is NOT one of the four major wine-growing regions of Austria?

Answers: Pfalz, Burgenland, Niederösterreich, Wien

Explanation: The four major wine-growing regions of Austria are Burgenland, Niederösterreich, Styria, and Wien.

Categories: Austria, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

117

How are the very best vineyards in the Côte d'Or designated?

Burgundy, Geography

Question #117

Prompt: How are the very best vineyards in the Côte d'Or designated?

Answers: Grand Cru, Classico, Crémant, Village

Explanation: The very top vineyards in the Côte d'Or, located in the northern part of Burgundy, are designated as Grand Crus.

Categories: Burgundy, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

118

Which term refers to French wine merchants who buy grapes and/or wines for blending and bottling under their own labels?

France, Winemaking

Question #118

Prompt: Which term refers to French wine merchants who buy grapes and/or wines for blending and bottling under their own labels?

Answers: Négociant, Agriculteur, Brasseur, Viticulteur

Explanation: Négociants buy grapes and/or finished wines for blending and bottling under their own labels.

Categories: France, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

119

Which Italian word refers to sparkling wine?

Italy, Sparkling Wine

Question #119

Prompt: Which Italian word refers to sparkling wine?

Answers: Spumante, Amabile, Dolce, Secco

Explanation: Spumante refers to Italian sparkling wine that contains at least 3 atmospheres of pressure, whereas Frizzante refers to semi-sparkling wine with 1 and 2.5 atmospheres of pressure.

Categories: Italy, Sparkling Wine

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

120

In which country is the Okanagan Valley wine region located?

Canada, Geography

Question #120

Prompt: In which country is the Okanagan Valley wine region located?

Answers: Canada, Australia, New Zealand, United States

Explanation: The Okanagan Valley wine region is located in British Columbia, the westernmost province of Canada.

Categories: Canada, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

121

Which term denotes a sparkling wine that is made entirely from black grapes?

Sparkling Wine

Question #121

Prompt: Which term denotes a sparkling wine that is made entirely from black grapes?

Answers: Blanc de noirs, Blanc de blancs, Cuvée de prestige, Demi-sec

Explanation: Blanc de noirs, French for "white of blacks", refers to sparkling wine that is made entirely of black grapes.

Categories: Sparkling Wine

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

122

Champagne wine regulations limit producers to using a maximum of how much of the harvest of a particular year for vintage Champagne?

Champagne, Winemaking

Question #122

Prompt: Champagne wine regulations limit producers to using a maximum of how much of the harvest of a particular year for vintage Champagne?

Answers: 80%, 50%, 70%, 90%

Explanation: Champagne houses that make both vintage and non-vintage wine are not permitted to use more than 80% of the total harvest of any particular year for vintage Champagne in order to ensure consistency in the non-vintage wines.

Categories: Champagne, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

123

What is the name of the mountain range that protects Alsace?

Alsace, Geography

Question #123

Prompt: What is the name of the mountain range that protects Alsace?

Answers: Vosges, Alps, Massif Central, Pyrenees

Explanation: The Vosges Mountains protect Alsace from the harsh, rainy weather coming from Northern France and the Atlantic.

Categories: Alsace, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

124

Which river flows to the east of Alsace?

Alsace, Geography

Question #124

Prompt: Which river flows to the east of Alsace?

Answers: Rhine, Loire, Mosel, Rhône

Explanation: Alsace lies between the Vosges Mountains to the west and the Rhine River to the east.

Categories: Alsace, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

125

What does a rain shadow provide?

Geography, Winemaking

Question #125

Prompt: What does a rain shadow provide?

Answers: Protection from harsh weather, Hail, More rain, More wine

Explanation: A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area that blocks the passage of rain-producing weather and cast a "shadow" of dryness.

Categories: Geography, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

126

What type of wine is Crémant d Alsace?

Alsace, Sparkling Wine

Question #126

Prompt: What type of wine is Crémant d Alsace?

Answers: Sparkling wine, Botrytis-affected sweet wine, Dry red wine, Fortified wine

Explanation: Crémant d Alsace is sparkling wine that is made by the méthode traditionnelle and usually from a blend of grapes.

Categories: Alsace, Sparkling Wine

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

127

If a wine from Alsace is labeled by the varietal, how much of that grape must it contain?

Alsace, Varietals, Winemaking

Question #127

Prompt: If a wine from Alsace is labeled by the varietal, how much of that grape must it contain?

Answers: 100%, 75%, 85%, 90%

Explanation: Alsatian wines labeled by varietal must be made entirely from that varietal.

Categories: Alsace, Varietals, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

128

Which varietal is NOT one of the four varietals permitted to be planted in Alsace Grand Cru AOCs?

Alsace, Varietals

Question #128

Prompt: Which varietal is NOT one of the four varietals permitted to be planted in Alsace Grand Cru AOCs?

Answers: Merlot, Muscat, Pinot Gris, Riesling

Explanation: The four grape varieties allowed to be planted in Alsace Grand Cru AOCs are Gewürztraminer, Muscat, Pinot Gris, and Riesling.

Categories: Alsace, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

129

Tuffeau is an important soil type in which area of the Loire Valley?

Geography, Loire Valley

Question #129

Prompt: Tuffeau is an important soil type in which area of the Loire Valley?

Answers: Touraine, Anjou-Saumur, Central Vineyards, Pays Nantais

Explanation: Tuffeau, which is a soft limestone soil, is an important soil in the Touraine area of the Loire Valley.

Categories: Geography, Loire Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 10

130

Tokaji Aszú is a sweet wine from which country?

Hungary

Question #130

Prompt: Tokaji Aszú is a sweet wine from which country?

Answers: Hungary, France, Germany, Slovenia

Explanation: Tokaji Aszú is a sweet wine from Hungary that is made mostly of Furmint grapes.

Categories: Hungary

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

131

What is the main varietal used to make Tokaji Aszú?

Hungary, Varietals

Question #131

Prompt: What is the main varietal used to make Tokaji Aszú?

Answers: Furmint, Chenin Blanc, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc

Explanation: Tokaji Aszú, a sweet wine from Hungary, is made primarily from Furmint.

Categories: Hungary, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

132

Bonnezeaux is a famous botrytis-affected sweet wine from which wine region?

Loire Valley

Question #132

Prompt: Bonnezeaux is a famous botrytis-affected sweet wine from which wine region?

Answers: Loire Valley, Alsace, Bordeaux, Champagne

Explanation: Bonnezeaux is a famous botrytis-affected sweet wine from the Loire Valley in France.

Categories: Loire Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

133

Which two countries are famous for Icewine production?

Canada, Germany, Winemaking

Question #133

Prompt: Which two countries are famous for Icewine production?

Answers: Canada and Germany, England and Germany, France and Spain, Hungary and Italy

Explanation: Canada and Germany are both famous for their production of Icewine (Eiswein).

Categories: Canada, Germany, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

134

Recioto is an Italian word referring to which type of wine?

Italy, Winemaking

Question #134

Prompt: Recioto is an Italian word referring to which type of wine?

Answers: Dried grapes, Botrytis-affected grapes, Frozen grapes, Late-harvest grapes

Explanation: Recioto or Passito are the Italian words most often seen on labels to indicated grapes that were dried.

Categories: Italy, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

135

What does Trockenbeerenauslese (TBA) indicate on a bottle of German wine?

Germany, Winemaking

Question #135

Prompt: What does Trockenbeerenauslese (TBA) indicate on a bottle of German wine?

Answers: Botrytis-affected grapes, Aged, Fortified, Sparkling

Explanation: Trockenbeerenauslese refers to a medium- to full-bodied German dessert wine that is made from botrytis-affected grapes.

Categories: Germany, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

136

Which of the following wines is matured under a layer of Flor?

Fortified Wine, Winemaking

Question #136

Prompt: Which of the following wines is matured under a layer of Flor?

Answers: Fino Sherry, LBV Port, Oloroso Sherry, Sercial Madeira

Explanation: Fino Sherry is matured under a layer of Flor, which is a film of yeast that grows on the surface of the aging wine and acts like a protective blanket against oxidation and spoilage.

Categories: Fortified Wine, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

137

A solera is used for which part of the vinification process?

Fortified Wine, Winemaking

Question #137

Prompt: A solera is used for which part of the vinification process?

Answers: Maturation, Distillation, Fermentation, Fortification

Explanation: A solera is used in the maturation of Sherry, whereby young wines are progressively blended together with older wines in a series of barrels.

Categories: Fortified Wine, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

138

Which style of Port is simple, inexpensive, and considered a house brand?

Fortified Wine, Portugal

Question #138

Prompt: Which style of Port is simple, inexpensive, and considered a house brand?

Answers: Ruby, LBV, Tawny, Vintage

Explanation: Ruby Port is a house wine of each lodge made from multiple vintages and vineyards, and was created to be an inexpensive, consistent house style or brand.

Categories: Fortified Wine, Portugal

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

139

Banyuls is a sweet, fortified wine from which country and varietal?

Fortified Wine, France, Geography, Varietals

Question #139

Prompt: Banyuls is a sweet, fortified wine from which country and varietal?

Answers: France, Grenache, France, Muscat, Spain, Palomino, Spain, Pedro Ximenez

Explanation: Banyuls is a sweet, fortified wine made in Roussillon, France from Grenache.

Categories: Fortified Wine, France, Geography, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

140

Tannin comes from which part of the grape?

Winemaking

Question #140

Prompt: Tannin comes from which part of the grape?

Answers: Skin, Juice, Rootstock, Seeds

Explanation: Tannin, which is sensed as astringency or bitterness, comes primarily from the skin - and sometimes the seeds - of the grape and is present in all red wines.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

141

How is alcohol sensed in a wine?

Winemaking

Question #141

Prompt: How is alcohol sensed in a wine?

Answers: Heat in the nose, throat, and chest, Astringency or bitterness, Tartness, Weight on the palate

Explanation: When evaluating a wine, the alcohol element is sensed as heat in the nose, throat, and chest.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

142

Sweetness in a wine is due to which factor?

Winemaking

Question #142

Prompt: Sweetness in a wine is due to which factor?

Answers: Residual sugar, Aromas of earth, Aromas of fruit, Elevated acidity

Explanation: Residual sugar, which is the sugar content remaining after fermentation, gives a wine its sweetness, or lack thereof.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 1

143

Which element would lead a wine to be hazy or cloudy?

Winemaking

Question #143

Prompt: Which element would lead a wine to be hazy or cloudy?

Answers: Sediment, Being from the Old World, High alcoholic content, Sweetness

Explanation: The presence of sediment in a wine can lead it to be hazy or cloudy.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

144

Which of the following wines is a classic pairing with Stilton?

Fortified Wine

Question #144

Prompt: Which of the following wines is a classic pairing with Stilton?

Answers: Port, Bordeaux, Burgundy, Manzanilla Sherry

Explanation: Port and Stilton are a classic food and wine pairing, with the salty cheese contrasting with the sweet wine.

Categories: Fortified Wine

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

145

Which of the following descriptors potentially indicates the use of oak in a wine?

Winemaking

Question #145

Prompt: Which of the following descriptors potentially indicates the use of oak in a wine?

Answers: Clove and cinnamon, Apple/pear flavors, Leather, Wet rock

Explanation: Dried baking spices such as cinnamon, clove, allspice, and nutmeg potentially indicate the use of oak in a wine.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

146

Which of the following does NOT potentially add flavor to wine?

Winemaking

Question #146

Prompt: Which of the following does NOT potentially add flavor to wine?

Answers: Malolactic fermentation, Alcoholic fermentation, Carbonic maceration, Cold stabilization

Explanation: Malolactic fermentation does not impart flavor on red wines but can impart buttery flavors and a creamy texture on white wines.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

147

Carbonic maceration is most closely associated with which region in France?

Burgundy, Winemaking

Question #147

Prompt: Carbonic maceration is most closely associated with which region in France?

Answers: Beaujolais, Alsace, Champagne, Châteauneuf-du-Pape

Explanation: Carbonic maceration is historically associated most closely with the Beaujolais region of Burgundy.

Categories: Burgundy, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

148

Which process in winemaking causes tartrate crystals to precipitate out of the wine at very low temperature?

Winemaking

Question #148

Prompt: Which process in winemaking causes tartrate crystals to precipitate out of the wine at very low temperature?

Answers: Cold stabilization, Carbonic maceration, Riddling, Vinification

Explanation: Cold stabilization is a fining method whereby the wine is cooled to a very low temperature, which causes tartrate crystals to form and precipitate out of the wine.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

149

Which term denotes yeast cells that expire after fermentation and settle at the bottom of the vessel?

Winemaking

Question #149

Prompt: Which term denotes yeast cells that expire after fermentation and settle at the bottom of the vessel?

Answers: Lees, Noble rot, Saccharomyces, Tannin

Explanation: The dead yeast that accumulates at the bottom of a vessel after fermentation is known as lees.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

150

Who is credited with importing European vinifera vines to California?

California, History, People

Question #150

Prompt: Who is credited with importing European vinifera vines to California?

Answers: Agoston Haraszthy, David Lett, Dr. Konstantin Frank, Robert Mondavi

Explanation: In the mid-1850s, Agoston Haraszthy, a Hungarian fur trader, saw the potential of Sonoma in particular and is considered the father of the California wine industry.

Categories: California, History, People

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

151

Which winery did Agoston Haraszthy, considered the father of the California wine industry, found in 1857?

History, People, Sonoma County, Wineries

Question #151

Prompt: Which winery did Agoston Haraszthy, considered the father of the California wine industry, found in 1857?

Answers: Buena Vista, Chateau Montelena, Freemark Abbey, Spring Mountain Vineyard

Explanation: Agoston Haraszthy founded Buena Vista winery in Sonoma in 1857.

Categories: History, People, Sonoma County, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

152

Which governmental body in the United States controls the production and sale of beverage alcohol ?

United States

Question #152

Prompt: Which governmental body in the United States controls the production and sale of beverage alcohol ?

Answers: TTB, DEA, FDA, IRS

Explanation: The Tax and Trade Bureau regulates all federal beverage alcohol laws in the United States, including the establishment and boundaries of American wine regions.

Categories: United States

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

153

The first commercial winery in California was founded in which present-day AVA?

History, Sonoma County, Wineries

Question #153

Prompt: The first commercial winery in California was founded in which present-day AVA?

Answers: Sonoma Valley, Anderson Valley, Calistoga, Paso Robles

Explanation: Buena Vista winery, considered the first commercial winery in California, was founded in 1857 in what is now the Sonoma Valley AVA.

Categories: History, Sonoma County, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

154

The first American Viticultural Area (AVA) was established in which state?

Geography, History, Missouri

Question #154

Prompt: The first American Viticultural Area (AVA) was established in which state?

Answers: Missouri, California, New York, Virginia

Explanation: The first AVAs were named in the early 1980s, beginning with Augusta, Missouri in 1980 and then Napa Valley in 1981.

Categories: Geography, History, Missouri

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

155

What dealt a major blow to the burgeoning California wine industry in the 1880s and 1890s?

California, History, Winemaking

Question #155

Prompt: What dealt a major blow to the burgeoning California wine industry in the 1880s and 1890s?

Answers: Phylloxera, Heat waves, Noble rot, Prohibition

Explanation: The phylloxera vine louse made its way from European vineyards to California and devastated the young wine industry there in the 1880s and 1890s.

Categories: California, History, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

156

Which AVA lies in both Napa and Solano Counties?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #156

Prompt: Which AVA lies in both Napa and Solano Counties?

Answers: Wild Horse Valley, Atlas Peak, Chiles Valley, Howell Mountain

Explanation: The Wild Horse Valley AVA, located in the southeast of the Napa Valley AVA, also extends into Solano County to the east.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

157

The Anderson Valley AVA is perhaps most well-known for which style of wine?

California, Sparkling Wine

Question #157

Prompt: The Anderson Valley AVA is perhaps most well-known for which style of wine?

Answers: Sparkling wines, Bordeaux blends, Fortified, Rhône-style

Explanation: The Anderson Valley AVA in Mendocino County is well-known for its traditional-method sparkling wines.

Categories: California, Sparkling Wine

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

158

Which California AVA is located between Monterey and Santa Barbara?

California, Geography, Paso Robles

Question #158

Prompt: Which California AVA is located between Monterey and Santa Barbara?

Answers: Paso Robles, Anderson Valley, Sierra Foothills, Temecula

Explanation: The Paso Robles AVA is located in San Luis Obispo County, which lies between Monterey and Santa Barbara in the broader Central Coast wine region.

Categories: California, Geography, Paso Robles

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

159

Which varietal is the predominate grape planted in the Lake Erie AVA?

New York, Varietals

Question #159

Prompt: Which varietal is the predominate grape planted in the Lake Erie AVA?

Answers: Concord, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir

Explanation: The Lake Erie AVA, located in New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio, is predominately planted with the Concord grape varietal.

Categories: New York, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

160

Which wine-growing region in Australia is famous for its Terra Rossa soil?

Australia, Geography, Winemaking

Question #160

Prompt: Which wine-growing region in Australia is famous for its Terra Rossa soil?

Answers: Coonawarra, Barossa Valley, Hunter Valley, Yarra Valley

Explanation: The Coonawarra GI (Geographical Indication), located within the larger South Australia GI, is famous for its Terra Rossa soil.

Categories: Australia, Geography, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

161

The Clare Valley and the Eden Valley are most noted for which style of wine?

Australia, Winemaking

Question #161

Prompt: The Clare Valley and the Eden Valley are most noted for which style of wine?

Answers: Dry Riesling, Dry Semillon, Muscat-based sweet wines, Pinot Noir

Explanation: The Clare Valley and Eden Valley GIs in South Australia are most known for their production of dry Riesling.

Categories: Australia, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

162

Sparkling wine production thrives in Victoria due to which factor?

Australia, Sparkling Wine, Winemaking

Question #162

Prompt: Sparkling wine production thrives in Victoria due to which factor?

Answers: Rain shadow, Hot inland airflow, Intense wind, Proximity to cool ocean breezes

Explanation: Victoria has a broad range of climates but sparkling wine production thrives in the Yarra Valley GI in particular due to the cooling influence of the ocean.

Categories: Australia, Sparkling Wine, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

163

Why does the Barossa Valley in Australia have many vines that are over a century old?

Australia, Winemaking

Question #163

Prompt: Why does the Barossa Valley in Australia have many vines that are over a century old?

Answers: Absence of phylloxera, Careful planting, Proximity to the ocean, Shiraz prefers older vines

Explanation: The Barosso Valley GI in the larger South Australia GI boasts many vines over 100 years old because phylloxera has been prevented from reaching this area.

Categories: Australia, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

164

Which of the following wines is made by the Appassimento Process?

Italy, Winemaking

Question #164

Prompt: Which of the following wines is made by the Appassimento Process?

Answers: Amarone, Barolo, Prosecco, Soave

Explanation: Amarone is made with the Appassimento Process, in which grapes are harvested and dried for several weeks and the wines fermented dry or off-dry.

Categories: Italy, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

165

What is the main grape varietal of the Morgon AOC?

Burgundy, Varietals

Question #165

Prompt: What is the main grape varietal of the Morgon AOC?

Answers: Gamay, Aligoté, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir

Explanation: The Morgan AOC is one of the ten Beaujolais Crus, which only produce red wines from the Gamay grape.

Categories: Burgundy, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

166

Which of the following AOCs is NOT a classic region or village for Chardonnay within Burgundy?

Burgundy, Geography, Varietals

Question #166

Prompt: Which of the following AOCs is NOT a classic region or village for Chardonnay within Burgundy?

Answers: Pommard, Chablis, Mâcon, Pouilly-Fuissé

Explanation: The Pommard AOC in the Côte de Beaune produces only red wines made from Pinot Noir.

Categories: Burgundy, Geography, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

167

Which of the following AOCs is designated as a Chablis Grand Cru?

Burgundy, Geography

Question #167

Prompt: Which of the following AOCs is designated as a Chablis Grand Cru?

Answers: Les Clos, Montrachet, Musigny, Romanée

Explanation: Les Clos is one of the seven designated Grand Crus within the larger Chablis AOC.

Categories: Burgundy, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

168

The Côte d'Or is broken down into which two main sections?

Burgundy, Geography

Question #168

Prompt: The Côte d'Or is broken down into which two main sections?

Answers: Côte de Beaune, Côte de Nuits, Beaujolais, Chablis, Côte de Beaune, Côte Chalonnaise, Côte de Nuits, Mâconnais

Explanation: The Côte d'Or is a 30-mile-long escarpment running north to south and broken down into the Côte de Nuits in the north and the Côte de Beaune in the south.

Categories: Burgundy, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

169

Which section of Burgundy lies closest to Champagne?

Burgundy, Champagne, Geography

Question #169

Prompt: Which section of Burgundy lies closest to Champagne?

Answers: Chablis, Beaujolais, Côte Chalonnaise, Côte d Or

Explanation: Chablis is located 80 miles north of the Côte d Or and is closer to Champagne than the rest of Burgundy.

Categories: Burgundy, Champagne, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

170

What soil in Bordeaux is most suitable for Cabernet Sauvignon?

Bordeaux, Geography, Varietals

Question #170

Prompt: What soil in Bordeaux is most suitable for Cabernet Sauvignon?

Answers: Gravel, Clay, Granite, Sandy/Silt

Explanation: Gravel soil in Bordeaux is most suitable for Cabernet Sauvignon, particularly in the Médoc, which produces the benchmark wines for that varietal worldwide.

Categories: Bordeaux, Geography, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

171

In which AOC of Bordeaux is Château Haut-Brion located?

Bordeaux, Geography

Question #171

Prompt: In which AOC of Bordeaux is Château Haut-Brion located?

Answers: Pessac-Léognan, Médoc, Pomerol, Saint-Émilion

Explanation: Château Haut-Brion, one of the five First Growth Châteaux in Bordeaux and the only one outside of the Médoc, is located to the south in Pessac-Léognan.

Categories: Bordeaux, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

172

Which varietal typically dominates the wines of Pomerol?

Bordeaux, Varietals

Question #172

Prompt: Which varietal typically dominates the wines of Pomerol?

Answers: Merlot, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Sauvignon Blanc

Explanation: Merlot typically dominates the wines from Pomerol, as well as Saint-Émilion, on the Right Bank of Bordeaux.

Categories: Bordeaux, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

173

What is the predominant varietal in the sweet wines from Sauternes?

Bordeaux, Varietals

Question #173

Prompt: What is the predominant varietal in the sweet wines from Sauternes?

Answers: Sémillon, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Zinfandel

Explanation: Sémillon is the predominate varietal in the sweet wines from Sauternes in Bordeaux.

Categories: Bordeaux, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

174

Which of the following regions in Bordeaux produces only dry, white AOC wines?

Bordeaux, Geography

Question #174

Prompt: Which of the following regions in Bordeaux produces only dry, white AOC wines?

Answers: Entre-Deux-Mers, Margaux, Pomerol, Sauternes

Explanation: Entre-Deux-Mers, which translates to "land between two seas" and lies between the Garonne and Dordogne rivers, produces only dry, white AOC wines.

Categories: Bordeaux, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

175

Which California AVA, known for its Pinot Noir and Sparkling Wine, is also home to an annual Alsatian wine festival?

Alsace, California, Geography, Sparkling Wine

Question #175

Prompt: Which California AVA, known for its Pinot Noir and Sparkling Wine, is also home to an annual Alsatian wine festival?

Answers: Anderson Valley, Livermore Valley, Lodi, Paso Robles

Explanation: Wineries in the Anderson Valley AVA of California host an annual Alsatian wine festival to showcase locally produced Riesling and Gewürztraminer wines.

Categories: Alsace, California, Geography, Sparkling Wine

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

176

Goldeneye, a prominent producer of California Pinot Noir, is located in which AVA?

California, Geography, Varietals, Wineries

Question #176

Prompt: Goldeneye, a prominent producer of California Pinot Noir, is located in which AVA?

Answers: Anderson Valley, Adelaida District, Alexander Valley, Creston District

Explanation: Goldeneye, which is part of the Duckhorn Portfolio, is located in the Anderson Valley AVA, about two hours north of San Francisco in Mendocino County.

Categories: California, Geography, Varietals, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

177

Which AVA within the broader Napa Valley AVA is known for its "dust"?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #177

Prompt: Which AVA within the broader Napa Valley AVA is known for its "dust"?

Answers: Rutherford, Coombsville, Oakville, Spring Mountain

Explanation: The unique terroir of the Rutherford AVA, commonly referred to as "Rutherford dust", lends itself to the renowned Cabernet Sauvignon from the appellation.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

178

Which of the following AVAs is NOT located in Napa Valley?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #178

Prompt: Which of the following AVAs is NOT located in Napa Valley?

Answers: Moon Mountain, Diamond Mountain, Howell Mountain, Spring Mountain

Explanation: The Moon Mountain AVA is located in neighboring Sonoma County and shares its eastern border with the Mount Veeder AVA, part of Napa Valley.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

179

The High Valley AVA is located within which larger wine-growing region?

California, Geography

Question #179

Prompt: The High Valley AVA is located within which larger wine-growing region?

Answers: Lake County, Anderson Valley, Napa Valley, Sonoma County

Explanation: The High Valley AVA is located within the broader Lake County wine-growing region and as its name implies, ranges from 1,600 to 3,000 feet in elevation.

Categories: California, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

180

Which of the following varietals is NOT a grape grown in Champagne?

Champagne, Varietals

Question #180

Prompt: Which of the following varietals is NOT a grape grown in Champagne?

Answers: Riesling, Chardonnay, Meunier, Pinot Noir

Explanation: Riesling is not a varietal that is grown in Champagne, where Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Meunier are the primary grapes.

Categories: Champagne, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

181

A Champagne labeled Blanc de Blancs is made from which varietal?

Champagne, Sparkling Wine, Varietals

Question #181

Prompt: A Champagne labeled Blanc de Blancs is made from which varietal?

Answers: Chardonnay, Merlot, Meunier, Pinot Noir

Explanation: A Champagne labeled Blanc de Blancs, which translates to "white from whites", is made entirely from Chardonnay.

Categories: Champagne, Sparkling Wine, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

182

Champagne vineyards are best known for which soil type?

Champagne, Geography, Winemaking

Question #182

Prompt: Champagne vineyards are best known for which soil type?

Answers: Chalk, Clay, Granite, Sand

Explanation: Champagne vineyards have limestone and chalk soil, which provides good drainage while also retaining moisture.

Categories: Champagne, Geography, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

183

Prosecco is made by which method of sparkling wine production?

Italy, Sparkling Wine, Winemaking

Question #183

Prompt: Prosecco is made by which method of sparkling wine production?

Answers: Charmat/tank method, Méthode Cap Classique, Méthode champenoise, Metodo tradizionale

Explanation: Prosecco is made using the Charmat/tank method, whereby the base wine undergoes secondary fermentation in the tank, thus bypassing costly riddling and disgorging.

Categories: Italy, Sparkling Wine, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

184

Which of the following DOCG zones is located in Piedmont?

Geography, Italy

Question #184

Prompt: Which of the following DOCG zones is located in Piedmont?

Answers: Barolo, Amarone, Soave, Taurasi

Explanation: The Barolo DOCG is located in Piedmont, which is in northwestern Italy.

Categories: Geography, Italy

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

185

Which term refers to all sparkling wines in France grown outside of Champagne that are produced by the méthode classique?

France, Sparkling Wine

Question #185

Prompt: Which term refers to all sparkling wines in France grown outside of Champagne that are produced by the méthode classique?

Answers: Crémant, Cava, Franciacorta, Prosecco

Explanation: Crémant refers to all French sparkling wines grown outside of Champagne that are produced by the méthode champenoise, though law requires that the method must be identified on labels as méthode classique.

Categories: France, Sparkling Wine

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

186

Which of the following sparkling wines is NOT produced using the Charmat/tank method?

Spain, Sparkling Wine, Winemaking

Question #186

Prompt: Which of the following sparkling wines is NOT produced using the Charmat/tank method?

Answers: Cava, Lambrusco, Moscato d'Asti, Prosecco

Explanation: Cava, which is sparkling wine of DO status in Spain, is produced using the traditional Champagne method.

Categories: Spain, Sparkling Wine, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

187

Smaragd is a quality term used in which wine region?

Austria, Winemaking

Question #187

Prompt: Smaragd is a quality term used in which wine region?

Answers: Wachau, Alsace, Mosel, Wien

Explanation: Smaragd is a wine classification term for Wachau dry wines based on ripeness level at harvest and is the term that denotes the highest of three levels of ripeness.

Categories: Austria, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

188

Which varietal is the signature white grape variety of Austria?

Austria, Varietals

Question #188

Prompt: Which varietal is the signature white grape variety of Austria?

Answers: Grüner Veltliner, Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio, Pinot Gris

Explanation: Grüner Veltliner is the signature white grape of Austria, with Riesling also being a primary white grape of the country.

Categories: Austria, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

189

Which styles of wine are mainly produced in Austria?

Austria, Winemaking

Question #189

Prompt: Which styles of wine are mainly produced in Austria?

Answers: Either very dry or very sweet, Off-dry, Sparkling and dry, Sparkling and sweet

Explanation: Austrian wines are either very dry or very sweet, as there is no tradition of off-dry styles.

Categories: Austria, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

190

In which DO will you find wines made from the Albariño grape?

Geography, Spain, Varietals

Question #190

Prompt: In which DO will you find wines made from the Albariño grape?

Answers: Rías Baixas, Cava, Penedès, Rueda

Explanation: Albariño represents 90% of the plantings in the Rías Baixas DO in northwestern Spain.

Categories: Geography, Spain, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

191

What are the two DOCa regions of Spain?

Geography, Spain

Question #191

Prompt: What are the two DOCa regions of Spain?

Answers: Priorat and Rioja, Cava and Rueda, Cava and Rioja, Ribera del Duero and Rioja

Explanation: Priorat and Rioja are the two DOCa wines of Spain, which represent the top-quality regions of Spain.

Categories: Geography, Spain

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

192

Which varietal is the main white grape of Rueda?

Spain, Varietals

Question #192

Prompt: Which varietal is the main white grape of Rueda?

Answers: Verdejo, Chardonnay, Riesling, Xarel-lo

Explanation: Verdejo is the primary white varietal grown in Rueda in the Duero River Valley of Spain.

Categories: Spain, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

193

To what does Gran Reserva on a bottle of Rioja refer?

Spain, Winemaking

Question #193

Prompt: To what does Gran Reserva on a bottle of Rioja refer?

Answers: Aging requirements, Estate-bottled, Location, Sweetness level

Explanation: The labeling Gran Reserva refers to wines that have aged for at least two years in oak and three years in the bottle.

Categories: Spain, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

194

Baixo Corgo is a sub-zone of which wine region?

Geography, Spain

Question #194

Prompt: Baixo Corgo is a sub-zone of which wine region?

Answers: Douro DOP, Rioja DOCa, Rueda DO, Toro DO

Explanation: Baixo Corgo is one of three sub-regions of the Douro DOP and is adjacent to Vinho Verde to the west.

Categories: Geography, Spain

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

195

The best vineyards in the Douro DOP are planted on which soil type?

Geography, Portugal

Question #195

Prompt: The best vineyards in the Douro DOP are planted on which soil type?

Answers: Schist, Slate, Tufo, Volcanic

Explanation: The top vineyards in the Douro DOP are planted in schist soil.

Categories: Geography, Portugal

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

196

The Santa Ynez Valley AVA is located within which larger wine-growing region?

California, Geography

Question #196

Prompt: The Santa Ynez Valley AVA is located within which larger wine-growing region?

Answers: Santa Barbara County, Lake County, Napa Valley, Paso Robles

Explanation: The Santa Ynez Valley AVA is part of the larger Santa Barbara County wine-growing region and contains the highest concentration of wineries in that area.

Categories: California, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

197

What is the primary white grape variety of Argentina?

Argentina, Varietals

Question #197

Prompt: What is the primary white grape variety of Argentina?

Answers: Torrontés, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Pinot Noir

Explanation: Torrontés is the primary white grape variety of Argentina, which is the largest wine-producing country in South America.

Categories: Argentina, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

198

What is an important feature of the vineyards in the Salta IG?

Argentina, Geography

Question #198

Prompt: What is an important feature of the vineyards in the Salta IG?

Answers: High altitude, Low-lying plains, Proximity to the sea, Southerly winds

Explanation: Vineyards in the Salta IG are planted at high elevation where temperatures are cooler.

Categories: Argentina, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

199

Where is the Luján de Cuyo DOC located?

Argentina, Geography

Question #199

Prompt: Where is the Luján de Cuyo DOC located?

Answers: Mendoza, Chile, Patagonia, Salta

Explanation: The Luján de Cuyo DOC is an important sub-region of the Mendoza IG in Argentina.

Categories: Argentina, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

200

What makes up most of the vineyard plantings in Chile?

Chile

Question #200

Prompt: What makes up most of the vineyard plantings in Chile?

Answers: Red grape varieties, Grapes for fortified wine production, Hybrids, White grape varieties

Explanation: Many of the vines in Chile were brought from Bordeaux in the 1800s and today, about 75% of the plantings there are of red grape varieties.

Categories: Chile

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

201

Which varietal in Chile was long mistaken for Merlot?

Chile, History, Varietals

Question #201

Prompt: Which varietal in Chile was long mistaken for Merlot?

Answers: Carménère, Petit Verdot, Tempranillo, Zinfandel

Explanation: Carménère was long mistaken for Merlot in Chile, which produces the vast majority of the varietal today.

Categories: Chile, History, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

202

What is the best-known grape variety produced in the Maipo Valley DO?

Chile, Geography, Varietals

Question #202

Prompt: What is the best-known grape variety produced in the Maipo Valley DO?

Answers: Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Noir

Explanation: Over half of all grapes grown in the Maipo Valley DO in Chile are Cabernet Sauvignon.

Categories: Chile, Geography, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

203

Which geographic feature brings cool, moist air and fog to the coastal regions of Chile?

Chile, Geography

Question #203

Prompt: Which geographic feature brings cool, moist air and fog to the coastal regions of Chile?

Answers: Humboldt Current, Andes snow, Mistral, Zonda

Explanation: The icy Humboldt ocean current brings cool, moist air and fog to the coastal areas of Chile.

Categories: Chile, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

204

Which of the following wine-growing areas is NOT a sub-region of the Valle Central DO?

Chile, Geography

Question #204

Prompt: Which of the following wine-growing areas is NOT a sub-region of the Valle Central DO?

Answers: Mendoza, Maipo Valley, Maule Valley, Rapel Valley

Explanation: Mendoza is located in Argentina and is not a sub-region of the Valle Central DO in Chile.

Categories: Chile, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

205

At least how much of a varietal must a Chilean wine contain for that varietal to be stated on the label?

China, Varietals, Winemaking

Question #205

Prompt: At least how much of a varietal must a Chilean wine contain for that varietal to be stated on the label?

Answers: 75%, 65%, 70%, 80%

Explanation: Chilean wines must contain at least 75% of a varietal to be able to state that varietal on the label.

Categories: China, Varietals, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

206

Which region accounts for more than 80% of all wine production in Chile?

Chile, Geography

Question #206

Prompt: Which region accounts for more than 80% of all wine production in Chile?

Answers: Central Valley, Aconcagua Valley, Casablanca Valley, San Antonio Valley

Explanation: The Central Valley DO (Valle Central DO) stretches southward 200 miles from the suburbs of Santiago and accounts for more than 80% of wine production in Chile.

Categories: Chile, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

207

Which region accounts for more than 40% of wine production in China?

China, Geography

Question #207

Prompt: Which region accounts for more than 40% of wine production in China?

Answers: Shandong, Hebei, Ningxia, Xinjiang

Explanation: Shandong Province accounts for over 40% of Chinese wine production and is where Changyu, the first modern winery in China, started in 1982.

Categories: China, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

208

Domaine de Long Dai is a Chinese wine label owned by which famed French producer?

China, Wineries

Question #208

Prompt: Domaine de Long Dai is a Chinese wine label owned by which famed French producer?

Answers: Château Lafite Rothschild, Domaine de la Romanée-Conti, Domaine Jean-Louis Chave, Perrier-Jouët

Explanation: Château Lafite Rothschild started investing in the Qin Shan Valley in China in 2008 before unveiling Domaine de Long Dai ten years later.

Categories: China, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

209

Hebei Province is the third-largest wine-producing region in China and surrounds which major city?

China, Geography

Question #209

Prompt: Hebei Province is the third-largest wine-producing region in China and surrounds which major city?

Answers: Beijing, Chongqing, Shanghai, Shenzhen

Explanation: Hebei Province surrounds Beijing in the northeastern part of the country.

Categories: China, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

210

The vast majority of wine production in Mexico takes place in which state?

Geography, Mexico

Question #210

Prompt: The vast majority of wine production in Mexico takes place in which state?

Answers: Baja California, Durango, Sonora, Zacatecas

Explanation: About 85% of wine production in Mexico occurs in Baja California, which has over 150 wineries.

Categories: Geography, Mexico

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

211

Which prominent sub-region of Baja California is sometimes referred to as the "Napa Valley of Mexico"?

Geography, Mexico

Question #211

Prompt: Which prominent sub-region of Baja California is sometimes referred to as the "Napa Valley of Mexico"?

Answers: Valle de Guadalupe, Valle de Calafia, Valle de San Vincente, Valle de Santo Tomás

Explanation: Valle de Guadalupe, also dubbed the "Napa Valley of Mexico", is the foremost wine-producing area in Baja California.

Categories: Geography, Mexico

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

212

Which country is home to the oldest winery in the Americas?

History, Mexico

Question #212

Prompt: Which country is home to the oldest winery in the Americas?

Answers: Mexico, Argentina, Chile, United States

Explanation: Mexico is home to Casa Madero, which was founded in 1597 and is the oldest winery in the Americas.

Categories: History, Mexico

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

213

The Van Duzer Corridor is a relatively new AVA located in which state?

Geography, Oregon

Question #213

Prompt: The Van Duzer Corridor is a relatively new AVA located in which state?

Answers: Oregon, Alaska, California, Michigan

Explanation: The Van Duzer Corridor, which became an AVA in January 2019, is located within the Willamette Valley in Oregon.

Categories: Geography, Oregon

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

214

Which varietal is the most widely-planted grape in Lodi?

California, Varietals

Question #214

Prompt: Which varietal is the most widely-planted grape in Lodi?

Answers: Zinfandel, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petite Sirah

Explanation: Zinfandel is the most widely-planted varietal in Lodi, and the AVA is known for its old vine Zinfandel.

Categories: California, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

215

Which iconic film director purchased the historic Inglenook estate in 1975 and still owns the property today?

History, Napa Valley, People, Wineries

Question #215

Prompt: Which iconic film director purchased the historic Inglenook estate in 1975 and still owns the property today?

Answers: Francis Ford Coppola, David Lynch, Michael Bay, Quentin Tarantino

Explanation: Francis and Eleanor Coppola purchased the Inglenook estate in 1975 with profits from the Godfather films.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, People, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

216

Which historic Napa Valley figure was the first to plant a vineyard in the area?

History, Napa Valley, People

Question #216

Prompt: Which historic Napa Valley figure was the first to plant a vineyard in the area?

Answers: George Yount, Charles Krug, John Patchett, Robert Mondavi

Explanation: George Yount acquired the Mexican land grant Rancho Caymus in 1836 and planted the very first vineyard in the area.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, People

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

217

Which of the following Napa Valley AVAs is most associated with Pinot Noir?

Geography, Napa Valley, Varietals

Question #217

Prompt: Which of the following Napa Valley AVAs is most associated with Pinot Noir?

Answers: Los Carneros, Chiles Valley, Rutherford, Yountville

Explanation: Los Carneros, with a cooler climate resulting from its proximity to the San Pablo Bay, is well known for its Pinot Noir.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

218

The famous Windows XP "Bliss" computer background image was taken in which Napa Valley AVA?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #218

Prompt: The famous Windows XP "Bliss" computer background image was taken in which Napa Valley AVA?

Answers: Los Carneros, Atlas Peak, Calistoga, Oakville

Explanation: The well-known shot of rolling grassy green hills was taken in 1996 in the Los Carneros AVA after removal of several vineyards due to Phylloxera.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 10

219

In 1996, the Los Carneros AVA in Napa Valley became home to the first plantings of which varietal in the United States?

History, Napa Valley, Varietals

Question #219

Prompt: In 1996, the Los Carneros AVA in Napa Valley became home to the first plantings of which varietal in the United States?

Answers: Albariño, Carménère, Grüner Veltliner, Tempranillo

Explanation: In 1996, Albariño was first planted in the United States in the Los Carneros AVA of Napa Valley.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

220

When were wine grapes first planted in Napa Valley?

History, Napa Valley, People

Question #220

Prompt: When were wine grapes first planted in Napa Valley?

Answers: 1839, 1903, 1855, 1884

Explanation: Wild grapes certainly grew in abundance in early Napa Valley, but settler George Calvert Yount was the first to recognize the potential for cultivating wine grapes and began planting grapes there in 1839.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, People

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

221

What was the largest crop grown in Napa Valley prior to wine grapes?

History, Napa Valley

Question #221

Prompt: What was the largest crop grown in Napa Valley prior to wine grapes?

Answers: Prunes, Olives, Tomatoes, Cherries

Explanation: The most common crops in Napa Valley were apples, cherries, apricots, peaches, pears, plums, tomatoes, olives, almonds, and walnuts. But mostly they grew prunes. French prunes were introduced in Napa in 1883, and for nearly half of the 20th century, prunes were still the largest fruit crop, second only to grapes.

Categories: History, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

222

Napa Valley boasts which type of climate?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #222

Prompt: Napa Valley boasts which type of climate?

Answers: Mediterranean, Desert, Temperate, Tropical

Explanation: Napa Valley enjoys a dry Mediterranean climate, which encompasses only 2% of the Earth’s surface and translates to great consistency from one vintage to the next.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

223

Which winemaker made the first Bordeaux-style blend in Napa Valley?

History, Napa Valley, People, Winemaking

Question #223

Prompt: Which winemaker made the first Bordeaux-style blend in Napa Valley?

Answers: Joseph Phelps, Cathy Corison, Charles Krug, Robert Mondavi

Explanation: Joseph Phelps Vineyards debuted the first Bordeaux-style blend in Napa Valley, called Insignia, in 1974.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, People, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

224

Which famous Napa Valley winemaker traded his pursuit of a PhD in political science for winemaking after a yearlong academic trip to Italy?

History, Napa Valley, People

Question #224

Prompt: Which famous Napa Valley winemaker traded his pursuit of a PhD in political science for winemaking after a yearlong academic trip to Italy?

Answers: Warren Winiarski , André Tchelistcheff, Helen Keplingerf, Mike Grgich

Explanation: While on a yearlong trip to Italy to study Niccolò Machiavelli, Warren Winiarski became convinced of his passion for winemaking, and not after long, he made the red wine that won the famous 1976 Judgment of Paris for California.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, People

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

225

About how many years does the approval process take to be considered a sub-appellation in Napa Valley?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #225

Prompt: About how many years does the approval process take to be considered a sub-appellation in Napa Valley?

Answers: 2-3, 1-2, 3-4, 4-5

Explanation: In order to become an approved sub-AVA, a panel of experts must determine that the growing region produces distinct flavors that can only be created by that specific terroir (soil, climate, etc.), a process that typically lasts about 2-3 years.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

226

When visiting Napa Valley, you might see propellers in some vineyards. What are these propellers used for?

California, Napa Valley

Question #226

Prompt: When visiting Napa Valley, you might see propellers in some vineyards. What are these propellers used for?

Answers: Frost Prevention, Scare Birds, Generate Electricity, Pump Water

Explanation: The propellers you see in vineyards are used for frost prevention. They’re not for misting or scaring off the birds. Frost is the grape vine’s #1 nemesis, and in the early spring when frost is most prevalent, the propellers help to keep the air moving so it doesn’t have the chance to freeze.

Categories: California, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

227

Which rule refers to the percentage of 1) grapes that a wine must contain for the winery to label their wine with a specific varietal, 2) region, and 3) vintage?

California, Winemaking

Question #227

Prompt: Which rule refers to the percentage of 1) grapes that a wine must contain for the winery to label their wine with a specific varietal, 2) region, and 3) vintage?

Answers: 75-85-95, 70-80-90, 75-85-100, 80-90-100

Explanation: This 75-85-95 rule of wine states that a wine must contain at least 75% of a specific grape to be labelled that varietal (i.e. Merlot), 85% grown in a specific region to be labelled by that appellation (i.e. Napa Valley), and 95% grown and harvested in a specific year to be labelled that vintage (i.e. 2010).

Categories: California, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

228

As of 2019, what percentage of wineries in Napa Valley are family owned?

California, Napa Valley

Question #228

Prompt: As of 2019, what percentage of wineries in Napa Valley are family owned?

Answers: 95, 80, 85, 90

Explanation: 95% of Napa Valley wineries are family owned and 67% of Napa Valley wineries produce fewer than 5,000 cases annually.

Categories: California, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

229

As of 2019, approximately how many physical wineries are there in Napa Valley?

California, Napa Valley

Question #229

Prompt: As of 2019, approximately how many physical wineries are there in Napa Valley?

Answers: 475, 450, 500, 525

Explanation: There are approximately 1,700 registered wineries according to the Alcoholic Beverage Control of California. That doesn't mean all of these registered wineries have physical tasting rooms you can visit. The number of Napa Valley wineries with tasting rooms is approximately 475, with approximately 170 new wineries being registered each year on average since 2015.

Categories: California, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

230

According to the Alcoholic Beverage Control of California, how many new wineries are being registered each year on average in Napa Valley since 2015?

California, Napa Valley

Question #230

Prompt: According to the Alcoholic Beverage Control of California, how many new wineries are being registered each year on average in Napa Valley since 2015?

Answers: 170, 160, 185, 200

Explanation: According to the ABC, an average of 170 new wineries have been registered each year since 2015. The number is trending up in the last few years. That is a big increase from the number of wineries registered in Napa in the 1980's and 1990's. In the 1980's, an average of 3 new wineries were registered each year in Napa. That number jumped up to 7 wineries per year in the 1990's.

Categories: California, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

231

When was the Napa Valley Agricultural Preserve established?

California, History, Napa Valley

Question #231

Prompt: When was the Napa Valley Agricultural Preserve established?

Answers: 1968, 1965, 1971, 1974

Explanation: The Napa Valley Agricultural Preserve, established in 1968, was the first of its kind in the United States to set land aside specifically for agriculture.

Categories: California, History, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

232

Who founded the City of Napa?

History, Napa Valley, People

Question #232

Prompt: Who founded the City of Napa?

Answers: Nathan Coombs, Charles Krug, Joseph Osborne, George C. Yount

Explanation: The City of Napa was founded by Nathan Coombs in 1847.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, People

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

233

When was the City of Napa founded?

California, History, Napa Valley

Question #233

Prompt: When was the City of Napa founded?

Answers: 1847, 1848, 1849, 1850

Explanation: The City of Napa was founded by Nathan Coombs in 1847.

Categories: California, History, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

234

Eschewing the term "Reserve", how does Spring Mountain Vineyard label their flagship red blend?

Napa Valley, Winemaking

Question #234

Prompt: Eschewing the term "Reserve", how does Spring Mountain Vineyard label their flagship red blend?

Answers: Elivette, Chevalier, Hillside, Supérieur

Explanation: Spring Mountain Vineyard calls their premier wine "Elivette", a portmanteau of Eli and Yvette, the parents of the current owner.

Categories: Napa Valley, Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

235

Etude Wines is a well-known producer in Napa Valley that specializes in which varietal?

Napa Valley, Varietals, Wineries

Question #235

Prompt: Etude Wines is a well-known producer in Napa Valley that specializes in which varietal?

Answers: Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Zinfandel

Explanation: Etude Wines, founded by winemaker Tony Soter in 1982, has built a reputation for crafting exemplary Pinot Noir wines.

Categories: Napa Valley, Varietals, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

236

The Hess Collection, located above Napa Valley on Mount Veeder, is well known for its high-elevation wines and which other attraction?

Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #236

Prompt: The Hess Collection, located above Napa Valley on Mount Veeder, is well known for its high-elevation wines and which other attraction?

Answers: Art Gallery, Car Collection, History Museum, Speaker Series

Explanation: The Hess Collection boasts an impressive gallery with free admission that houses the personal art collection of winery founder Donald Hess.

Categories: Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

237

The Kronos Vineyard, farmed by renowned winemaker Cathy Corison, is one of the last of which type of vineyards in Napa Valley?

Napa Valley, People

Question #237

Prompt: The Kronos Vineyard, farmed by renowned winemaker Cathy Corison, is one of the last of which type of vineyards in Napa Valley?

Answers: St. George rootstock, Bio-dynamic, Dry-farmed, Zinfandel

Explanation: The Kronos Vineyard is one of the last vineyards in Napa Valley with St. George rootstock, largely abandoned by winemakers in favor of more vigorous and consistent Cabernet Sauvignon rootstocks.

Categories: Napa Valley, People

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

238

Albert Ahern, Charles Freeman, and Markquand Foster founded which historic Napa Valley winery?

History, Napa Valley, People, Wineries

Question #238

Prompt: Albert Ahern, Charles Freeman, and Markquand Foster founded which historic Napa Valley winery?

Answers: Freemark Abbey, Beringer, Charles Krug, Swanson Vineyards

Explanation: Albert "Abbey" Ahern, Charles Freeman, and Markquand Foster purchased the winery Lombarda Cellars - closed since Prohibition - in 1939, reopened it, and gave it the new name of Freemark Abbey, a combination of their names.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, People, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

239

Which Napa Valley winery was the first winery in California to offer public tours and wine tastings following the repeal of Prohibition?

History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #239

Prompt: Which Napa Valley winery was the first winery in California to offer public tours and wine tastings following the repeal of Prohibition?

Answers: Beringer Vineyards, Charles Krug, Inglenook, Spring Mountain Vineyard

Explanation: In 1934, Beringer Vineyards became the first winery in California to offer public tours and wine tastings following the passage of the 21st Amendment in late 1933.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

240

Which of the following Duckhorn Wine Company properties is located in Napa Valley?

Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #240

Prompt: Which of the following Duckhorn Wine Company properties is located in Napa Valley?

Answers: Paraduxx, Calera, Decoy, Goldeneye

Explanation: Paraduxx, which specializes exclusively in Napa Valley blends, is located in the Yountville AVA in Napa Valley.

Categories: Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

241

How many AVAs are California?

California, Geography

Question #241

Prompt: How many AVAs are California?

Answers: 140, 120, 130, 150

Explanation: There are currently 139 American Viticulture Areas (AVAs) in California wine country.

Categories: California, Geography

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

242

Before the railroad was established, how did travelers from San Francisco visit Napa Valley?

History, Napa Valley

Question #242

Prompt: Before the railroad was established, how did travelers from San Francisco visit Napa Valley?

Answers: By Steam Boat, By Car, By Horse and Buggy, By Piggy Back Ride

Explanation: The railroad was established in 1868. Before that time, travelers used steamboat ferries from San Francisco where tourists and residents were carried to the Valley for days or weekends on leave.

Categories: History, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

243

At what elevations can grapes be found growing in Napa Valley?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #243

Prompt: At what elevations can grapes be found growing in Napa Valley?

Answers: Sea Level to 2,400 feet, 130 feet to 2,400 feet, Sea Level to 2,000 feet, 150 feet to 2,000 feet

Explanation: Vineyards in Napa can be found from sea level all the way to about 2,400 feet. Mount Veeder offers some of the highest vineyards, nearing 2,400 feet.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

244

What is the highest point in Napa County?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #244

Prompt: What is the highest point in Napa County?

Answers: Mount St. Helena, Mount Hood, Diamond Mountain, Mount Veeder

Explanation: Mount St. Helena is the highest point in Napa County with 5 peaks in a sort of "M" shape. One peak is in Sonoma County and another high point falls in Napa County.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

248

Which winery is the oldest in Napa Valley?

History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #248

Prompt: Which winery is the oldest in Napa Valley?

Answers: Charles Krug, Beringer Vineyards, Inglenook, Schramsberg

Explanation: Charles Krug is the oldest winery in Napa Valley. The vines were first planted in 1861, and the winery became the first to open its tasting room to the general public back in 1882.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

249

Which winery owns the longest continually-operating vineyard in California?

History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #249

Prompt: Which winery owns the longest continually-operating vineyard in California?

Answers: Beringer Vineyards, Charles Krug, Inglenook, Schramsberg

Explanation: Although Charles Krug is the oldest winery in Napa Valley, Beringer Vineyards owns the longest continually-operating vineyard. The grapes were planted almost 150 years ago in 1875.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

250

What is the inspiration behind the iconic Castello di Amorosa?

Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #250

Prompt: What is the inspiration behind the iconic Castello di Amorosa?

Answers: Medieval Tuscan Castles, Buckingham Palace, Neuschwanstein Castle, Vatican City

Explanation: While travelling in Europe, Dario Sattui developed an interest in medieval architecture and fashioned the Castello di Amorosa after Tuscan castles of the 12th and 13th century.

Categories: Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

251

Dario Sattui, fourth-generation vintner of V. Sattui in Napa Valley, also runs which nearby winery with an iconic building?

Napa Valley, People, Wineries

Question #251

Prompt: Dario Sattui, fourth-generation vintner of V. Sattui in Napa Valley, also runs which nearby winery with an iconic building?

Answers: Castello di Amorosa, Artesa, Beringer, Inglenook

Explanation: Castello di Amorosa, with its stunning 13th-century-style Tuscan castle, started as a pet project of Dario Sattui.

Categories: Napa Valley, People, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

252

Mount Veeder of Napa Valley is part of which mountain range?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #252

Prompt: Mount Veeder of Napa Valley is part of which mountain range?

Answers: Mayacamas, Santa Ynez, Sierra Madre, Vaca

Explanation: Mount Veeder and its AVA are located in the southern part of the Mayacamas Mountains, which line the west side of Napa Valley.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

253

As of 2019, Zinfandel accounts for what percentage of planted acres in Napa Valley?

Napa Valley, Varietals

Question #253

Prompt: As of 2019, Zinfandel accounts for what percentage of planted acres in Napa Valley?

Answers: 3, 10, 17, 21

Explanation: Zinfandel, once the dominant grape, accounts for only about 3% of planted acres in Napa Valley as of 2019.

Categories: Napa Valley, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 4

254

Approximately what percentage of Napa Valley is planted to white wine grapes?

Napa Valley, Varietals

Question #254

Prompt: Approximately what percentage of Napa Valley is planted to white wine grapes?

Answers: 21, 12, 30, 42

Explanation: As of 2019, approximately 21% of Napa Valley is planted to white wine grapes and 79% to red wine grapes (51% of all plantings are Cabernet Sauvignon).

Categories: Napa Valley, Varietals

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

255

Which environmental factor moderates summer overnight temperatures to an average of 53ºF throughout Napa Valley?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #255

Prompt: Which environmental factor moderates summer overnight temperatures to an average of 53ºF throughout Napa Valley?

Answers: Fog, Clouds, Rain, Winds

Explanation: Fog helps regulate temperatures in Napa Valley, especially during the hot summers, when the day time temperature often reaches highs of 95ºF or hotter.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

256

Which town, and AVA of the same name, is located in the very northern part of Napa Valley?

Geography, Napa Valley

Question #256

Prompt: Which town, and AVA of the same name, is located in the very northern part of Napa Valley?

Answers: Calistoga, Oakville, Rutherford, Yountville

Explanation: The town of Calistoga and surrounding AVA are located in the northern tip of Napa Valley.

Categories: Geography, Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

257

Who owns Charles Krug Winery?

History, Napa Valley, People, Wineries

Question #257

Prompt: Who owns Charles Krug Winery?

Answers: The Mondavi Family, Bill Foley, Treasury Wine Estates, The Sattui Family

Explanation: In 1943, Robert Mondavi persuaded his parents, Cesare and Rosa Mondavi, to purchase the inactive winery for $75,000. Robert Mondavi began his wine career there before founding his own winery in 1966.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, People, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

258

Which winery is the largest single-owner winery in Napa?

Napa Valley

Question #258

Prompt: Which winery is the largest single-owner winery in Napa?

Answers: Trefethen, Beringer Vineyards, Robert Mondavi Winery, Gallo Family Vineyards

Explanation: Set on 600 acres of land, Trefethen is the largest single-owner winery in Napa. It is a family-run business that features wine tours and tastings, including a historical overview of the winery, which has existed since 1886. This vineyard specializes in estate grown wines, which people can sample with flights during their tours.

Categories: Napa Valley

Exams:

Difficulty: 5

259

As of 2020, which wine group is the largest in the United States?

United States, Wineries

Question #259

Prompt: As of 2020, which wine group is the largest in the United States?

Answers: E & J Gallo Winery, Jackson Family Wines, Constellation Brands, Treasury Wine Estates

Explanation: E & J Gallo Winery - 75 million cases sold per year, 2) The Wine Group - 57 million cases sold per year, 3) Constellation Brands - 51 million cases sold per year, 4) Trinchero Family Estates - 19 million cases sold per year.

Categories: United States, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

260

Which plant is planted near grapevines to detect diseases?

Winemaking

Question #260

Prompt: Which plant is planted near grapevines to detect diseases?

Answers: Roses, Dandelions, Mustard, Lavendar

Explanation: Originally, roses were planted in vineyards as an early warning system. Roses and grapevines typically have the same type of soil and sun requirements. In addition, both are prone to the infestation of a fungus known as powdery mildew.

Categories: Winemaking

Exams:

Difficulty: 3

261

What is another term for lovers of wine?

People

Question #261

Prompt: What is another term for lovers of wine?

Answers: Oenophiles, Vinophiles, X-Files, Me

Explanation: An oenophile is someone who loves and appreciates wine.

Categories: People

Exams:

Difficulty: 2

262

In which year was Caymus Vineyards founded?

History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #262

Prompt: In which year was Caymus Vineyards founded?

Answers: 1971, 2015, 1844, 1928

Explanation: In 1971, Charlie Wagner and his wife Lorna asked their son Chuck, who had just graduated from high school, if he would be interested in starting up a family winery. Chuck accepted the offer, and Caymus Vineyards was born.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

263

How did Jacob Beringer get his start in winemaking in Napa Valley?

History, Napa Valley, People

Question #263

Prompt: How did Jacob Beringer get his start in winemaking in Napa Valley?

Answers: Cellar foreman for Charles Krug, Winemaker for George Yount, Working for John Patchett, Back in Mainz, Germany

Explanation: Jacob Beringer arrived in California and became cellar foreman for Charles Krug, one of the first commercial winemakers, in 1869. Krug's business was right next to the property that would eventually become Beringer Vineyards.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, People

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

264

In which year was V. Sattui Winery founded?

History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #264

Prompt: In which year was V. Sattui Winery founded?

Answers: 1885, 1935, 1984, 2007

Explanation: Vittorio Sattui started the business in 1885 after emigrating from Genoa, Italy. Vittorio was forced to shut down when Prohibition went into effect, and the winery would lay dormant until 1976, when Vittorio’s great-grandson, Dario, resurrected the family business.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 6

265

In which year did V. Sattui Winery finally reopen after shutting down due to Prohibition?

History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Question #265

Prompt: In which year did V. Sattui Winery finally reopen after shutting down due to Prohibition?

Answers: 1976, 1928, 1975, 1977

Explanation: The law-abiding Vittorio was forced to shut down the winery when Prohibition went into effect, and the winery lay dormant until 1976, when his great-grandson, Dario, resurrected the family business in St. Helena, Napa Valley.

Categories: History, Napa Valley, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

266

Where did Vittorio Sattui emigrate from?

History, Italy, Napa Valley, People

Question #266

Prompt: Where did Vittorio Sattui emigrate from?

Answers: Genoa, Italy, Florence, Italy, Rome, Italy, Tuscany, Italy

Explanation: V. Sattui Winery stands today as the result of hard work, dedication, and the extraordinary vision of two men who happen to be related. Vittorio Sattui started the business in 1885 after emigrating from Genoa, Italy. The law-abiding Vittorio was forced to shut down when Prohibition went into effect, and the winery would lay dormant until 1976, when Vittorio’s great-grandson, Dario, would realize his dream of resurrecting the family business in the town of St. Helena in Napa Valley.

Categories: History, Italy, Napa Valley, People

Exams:

Difficulty: 9

267

From which city in Europe did Napa Valley pioneer Jacob Beringer emigrate?

Germany, History, Napa Valley, People

Question #267

Prompt: From which city in Europe did Napa Valley pioneer Jacob Beringer emigrate?

Answers: Mainz, Germany, Bremm, Germany, Vienna, Austria, Salzburg, Austria

Explanation: Jacob Beringer, enticed by the opportunities of the new world, sailed from his home in Mainz, Germany, to New York. However, after hearing that the rocky hillside soil and fertile valley floor resembled that of vineyards back home in Germany, Jacob made his way to the Napa Valley.

Categories: Germany, History, Napa Valley, People

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

268

In which year was E & J Gallo Winery founded?

California, History

Question #268

Prompt: In which year was E & J Gallo Winery founded?

Answers: 1938, 1830, 1928, 1975

Explanation: Brothers Ernest and Julio Gallo, sons of Italian immigrants who settled in the Sierra Nevada Foothills, opened their business in 1938. 68 years later, Gallo is the largest wine company in America, producing over 75 million cases each year.

Categories: California, History

Exams:

Difficulty: 7

269

Approximately what percentage of wine grapes grown in California does E & J Gallo Winery buy each year?

California, Wineries

Question #269

Prompt: Approximately what percentage of wine grapes grown in California does E & J Gallo Winery buy each year?

Answers: 66, 20, 50, 75

Explanation: Gallo purchases over two-thirds of all the wine grapes grown in California annually!

Categories: California, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

270

As of 2020, about how many brands are in the E & J Gallo Winery portfolio?

California, History, Wineries

Question #270

Prompt: As of 2020, about how many brands are in the E & J Gallo Winery portfolio?

Answers: 45, 30, 60, 100

Explanation: Gallo Wines has more than 45 brands in its portfolio and ships to over 90 countries.

Categories: California, History, Wineries

Exams:

Difficulty: 8

271

What year was Stag's Leap Winery founded?

History, Napa Valley, Wineries